• <b><center>Hindman:<br>Fine Printed Books & Manuscripts,<br>Including Americana<br>November 9-10, 2021
    <b>Hindman, Nov. 9-10:</b> HOOKE, Robert (1635-1702). <i>Micrographia: Or Some Psychological Descriptions of Minute Bodies Made by Magnifying Glasses.</i> London: for James Allestry, 1667. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <b>Hindman, Nov. 9-10:</b> [THE FEDERALIST PAPERS]. -- [HAMILTON, Alexander, James MADISON and John JAY. <i>The Federalist: A Collection of Essays, Written in Favour of the New Constitution…</i> $40,000 to $60,000.
    <b>Hindman, Nov. 9-10:</b> FUCHS, Leonhart (1501-1566). <i>Histoire des Plantes de M. Leonhart Fuschsius, avec les noms Grecs, Latins & Fraçoys.</i> Paris: Arnold Byrkman, 1549. $2,000 to $3,000.
    <b><center>Hindman:<br>Fine Printed Books & Manuscripts,<br>Including Americana<br>November 9-10, 2021
    <b>Hindman, Nov. 9-10:</b> AUDEBERT, Jean Baptiste (1759-1800). <i>Histoire naturelle des singes et des makis.</i> Paris: Desray, An XIII [1799-1800]. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Hindman, Nov. 9-10:</b> [UNITED STATES CONTINENTAL CONGRESS]. <i>Journals of the Congress...</i>Volume I (Sept. 5, 1774-Jan. 1, 1776) through Volume XIII (November 1787-November 1788). $25,000 to $35,000.
    <b>Hindman, Nov. 9-10:</b> [UNITED STATES CONTINENTAL CONGRESS]. <i>The Journals of the Proceedings of Congress. Held at Philadelphia, from January to May, 1776.</i> $15,000 to $25,000.
    <b><center>Hindman:<br>Fine Printed Books & Manuscripts,<br>Including Americana<br>November 9-10, 2021
    <b>Hindman, Nov. 9-10:</b> [TEXAS]. <i>Map of Bexar County, Texas.</i> San Antonio and Austin: Samuel Maverick & John H. Traynham, 1889. $1,500 to $2,500.
    <b>Hindman, Nov. 9-10:</b> GARDNER, Alexander (1821-1882). Imperial albumen Photograph. <i>Scenes in the Indian Country</i> [Fort Laramie]. $5,000 to $7,000.
    <b>Hindman, Nov. 9-10:</b> WILLIAMS, H. Noel. <i>Madame Recamier and her Friends.</i> London and New York: Harper & Brothers, 1906. $1,000 to $1,500.
    <b><center>Hindman:<br>Fine Printed Books & Manuscripts,<br>Including Americana<br>November 9-10, 2021
    <b>Hindman, Nov. 9-10:</b> [MOSER, Barry, illustrator]. <i>The Holy Bible. Containing All the Books of the Old and New Testaments.</i> North Hatfield, MA and New York City: Pennyroyal Caxton Press, 1999. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Hindman, Nov. 9-10:</b> [PRINTS]. MOSER, Barry. Alice in Her Sister’s Reverie. [1982]. 433 x 552 mm. Signed and captioned by Moser in pencil, designated artist’s proof (“ap”). $1,000 to $1,500.
    16 <b>Hindman, Nov. 9-10:</b> [MOSER, Barry, illustrator]. A group of 4 wood-engraved plates for the Pennyroyal Press edition <i>The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.</i> [West Hatfield, MA: Pennyroyal Press, 1985]. $600 to $800.
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries Oct 28:</b> Pancho Villa, passport for a news correspondent covering the Mexican revolution, signed, 1914. $1,000 to $2,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Oct 28:</b> Nirvana’s <i>Nevermind,</i> CD insert signed & inscribed days after release by Cobain, inscribed by Novoselic, 1991. $40,000 to $60,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Oct 28:</b> Robert Indiana, <i>The Book of Love,</i> complete portfolio, artist’s proof set, 1997. $100,000 to $125,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Oct 28:</b> Marcel Vertés, Colette, <i>Chéri,</i> two volumes, deluxe edition, signed by the artist, Paris, 1929. $5,000 to $7,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Oct 28:</b> Virginia Woolf, <i>Orlando,</i> first trade edition, first impression, London, 1928. $1,200 to $1,800.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Oct 28:</b> Mark Twain, receipt for payment of the Mark Twain Public Library Tax, 1908. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Oct 28:</b> Gustav Klimt, <i>Das Werk von Gustav Klimt,</i> portfolio, collotype plates, 1918. $15,000 to $20,000.
  • <center><b>The 19th Century Rare Book & Photograph Shop<br></b>Catalogue 190:<br>Magnificent Books & Photographs<br><b>Free on request</b>
    <b>19th Century Rare Book & Photograph Shop:</b> William Shakespeare. <i>The Second Folio</i> (1632).
    <b>19th Century Rare Book & Photograph Shop:</b> Abraham Lincoln. Autograph note on Black troops in the Union Army (1865).
    <b>19th Century Rare Book & Photograph Shop:</b> Neil Armstrong. The largest known U.S. flag flown to the Moon on Apollo 11 (1969).
    <b>19th Century Rare Book & Photograph Shop:</b> William Henry Fox Talbot. <i>The Pencil of Nature</i> (1844-1846) the first photo illustrated book.
    <b>19th Century Rare Book & Photograph Shop:</b> Albert Einstein. Letter on relativity and the speed of light (1951).
  • <center><b>Gonnelli Auction House<br>Books and Graphics<br>26th-29th of October 2021</b>
    <b>Gonnelli Auction 31, Oct. 28th- 29th:</b><br>Books from XV to XX Century
    <b>Gonnelli Auction 31, Oct. 28th:</b><br>Manuscripts and autographs
    <b>Gonnelli Auction 31, Oct. 28th:</b><br>Artist books
    <b>Gonnelli Auction 31, Oct. 28th:</b><br>Cars & more
    <b>Gonnelli Auction 31, Oct. 28th:</b><br>Magazines
    <b>Gonnelli Auction 31, Oct. 28th- 29th:</b><br>Books from XV to XX Century

Rare Book Monthly

Articles - October - 2021 Issue

Confirmed. The Vinland Map is a Fake

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The Vinland map. That is Vinland in the upper left corner, with Greenland to its right (Yale photo).

A previously unknown map emerged in 1957 and it was thought to be one of the most important geographic discoveries in history, one might say greater than Christopher Columbus' “discovery” of America. It is known for one feature on the world map, which included Europe, northern Africa, and some of Asia. Such was the world as known to Europeans in the first half of the 15th century, prior to Columbus' voyage.

 

That remarkable feature was a very large island southwest of Greenland, unknown to other mapmakers of the day. It was labeled “Vinland.” It could only be one thing – America. If the early 1400s map was genuine, it would have proved that Columbus was not the first European to visit America, but rather, it had been visited by Norsemen centuries earlier.

 

The original owner, Enzo Ferrajoli, offered it to the British Museum, but they declined to purchase. Instead, rare book seller Laurence C. Witten II purchased it and offered to sell it to his alma mater, Yale. Yale could not afford it, but wealthy banking heir and fellow alumnus Paul Mellon could. He bought it for Yale.

 

There was immediate skepticism about the map's authenticity. It was bound with a work entitled the Tartar Relation, a 15th century work, but the wormholes did not match up. However, this issue was resolved when another 15th century work, Speculum Historiale, was discovered. Adding this to the other two works and rearranging the order lined the wormholes up perfectly. The map had indeed originally been bound with the two early 15th century works.

 

Yale commenced a study of the map, which continued for eight years. Three scholars were selected though only one had any experience authenticating maps. Others were not brought in as Mellon wanted the study to be confidential, he retaining the right to reject the purchase if the map proved to be a fraud.

 

The revelation of the map was particularly dramatic news in 1957, as there was no previous hard evidence of Norse visitation of America at that time. However, in 1960, the site of L'Anse aux Meadows at the northern tip of Newfoundland was discovered. It had been a prehistoric Norse settlement. It was revealed to the public in 1964. When the scholars finally released their report in 1965, there was now solid backing for the belief that Vikings had discovered America before Columbus, even if it did not provide authentication of the map itself.

 

The 1965 report concluded the Vinland map had been drawn around 1440 by church scholars. In other words, it was authentic, it having preceded Columbus' discovery by half a century. Norsemen were the first Europeans to visit America, now confirmed by the existence of a European map along with the Newfoundland settlement.

 

Not so fast. The report generated more controversy than consensus. Others quickly found issues with the map. Some of the Latin text on the supposed 15th century map was of the variety not in use until the 17th century. The map was not entirely consistent with other maps from the era. Then there was the issue of the unknown provenance, always a question when something has supposedly been unknown for five centuries. With all the doubts, Yale sent the map out for a chemical analysis in 1972. The results were devastating. It found the ink contained a high amount of anatase, a form of titanium dioxide not used in inks prior to 1923.

 

However, this was not the end. A second analysis in the 1980s concluded the original one greatly exaggerated the amount of titanium present, and the smaller amount could otherwise be explained. Besides, the paper was carbon dated to the appropriate time, early 1400s.

 

Examinations have continued since then with this most recent one being the final say. Among the conclusions was that the paper was indeed authentically old, and the map was originally bound with the 15th century works as demonstrated by the wormholes. However, a couple of blank pages were missing from the front of the Speculum. These were evidently used to print the map. They contained the appropriately placed wormholes. The style of the drawings of Vinland, Greenland, and Iceland differed from the rest, and their placement was outside the natural sphere of the rest of the map. They had evidently been added to an engraving of a map from a later book. Ferrajoli was also discovered to have had a history of book theft.

 

Finally, the latest researchers were given as much time to examine the map as they needed. They brought with them new technologies for analysis of the map not available two and three decades earlier. It confirmed the titanium dioxide but the print lacked the iron gall ink used at the time the map was supposedly created. An inscription on the back, possibly a binder's note on an original blank page, was in iron gall ink, but had been adjusted with writing in anatase titanium ink. Richard Hark, a conservation scientist who works with the Beinecke Library, said, “I think that constitutes pretty strong evidence of a motive to deceive — to make the map look like something it is not.” Raymond Clemens, curator of early books and manuscripts at Yale’s Beinecke Rare Book & Manuscript Library, put it even more bluntly: “There is no reasonable doubt here. This new analysis should put the matter to rest.”

 

Now that this has been put to rest, the scholars at Yale can get on to other tasks, such as finally figuring out just what is the Voynich Manuscript, which is also in Yale's possession.


Posted On: 2021-10-02 22:57
User Name: artbooks1

Which only goes to prove the old fishing rule: "if the worm holes don't fit , you must acquit.


Rare Book Monthly

  • <b>Bonhams, Nov. 3:</b> STEVE JOBS REVEALS HIS SPIRITUAL SIDE. Autograph Letter to Tim Brown, 1974. $200,000 to $300,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Nov. 3:</b> DIDEROT, DENIS. 1713-1784; & JEAN LE ROND D'ALEMBERT. 1717-1783, EDITORS. <i>Encyclopedie, ou dictionnaire raisonne des sciences, des arts et des metiers.</i> $30,000 to $50,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Nov. 3:</b> Albert Einstein: Philosopher-Scientist. Evanston, Illinois: Library of Living Philosophers, 1949. $4,000 to $6,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Nov. 3:</b> APPLE MACINTOSH PROTOTYPE, 1982. Earliest known to appear at auction. $30,000 to $40,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Nov. 3:</b> TRINITY PROJECT: STAFFORD L. WARREN. $50,000 to $70,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Nov. 3:</b> JIMMY HARE PHOTOGRAPH OF WRIGHT FLYER SIGNED BY BOTH WRIGHT BROTHERS, 1908. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Nov. 3:</b> HAGELIN CX-52 CIPHER MACHINE, Type D, Switzerland, Crypto AG, 1950s, no 33454. $5,000 to $7,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Nov. 3:</b> FEYNMAN WORKING ON QUARK THEORY. $10,000 to $15,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Nov. 3:</b> STEVE JOBS SETS THE STAGE FOR DESKTOP PUBLISHING. Signed document, 1982. $40,000 to $60,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Nov. 3:</b> MEMORYMOOG PLUS, THE CLASSIC ANALOG POLYSYNTH OF THE 1980S. $7,000 to $9,000.
    <b>Bonhams, Nov. 3:</b> WRIGHT BROTHERS: DAYTON 1909, <i>The Nation State and City Welcome the World's Greatest Aviators.</i> $12,000 to $18,000.
  • <center><b>Sotheby’s<br>The Ricky Jay Collection<br>October 27 & 28, 2021</b>
    <b>Sotheby’s, Oct. 27-28:</b> "Remarkable Persons". A remarkable collection of remarkable characters. $100,000 to $150,000.
    <b>Sotheby’s, Oct. 27-28:</b> Scot, Reginald. A serious debunking witchcraft and demonology. $50,000 to $70,000.
    <b>Sotheby’s, Oct. 27-28:</b> (Buchinger, Matthias). Buchinger's own family tree. $20,000 to $30,000.
    <b>Sotheby’s, Oct. 27-28:</b> Bibrowski, Stephan. Most likely reading A Midsummer Night's Dream. $2,500 to $3,500.
    <b>Sotheby’s, Oct. 27-28:</b> Kellar, Harry (Heinrich Keller). Kellar loses his head. $4,000 to $6,000.

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