Rare Book Monthly

Book Catalogue Reviews - March - 2018 Issue

Works of Oscar Wilde and Aubrey Beardsley from John Windle Antiquarian Bookseller


Oscar Wilde and Aubrey Beardsley.

John Windle Antiquarian Bookseller has issued a catalogue of 32 Works of Oscar Wilde and Aubrey Beardsley. Wilde was, of course, the writer, Beardsley the artist and illustrator. They both came from the Aesthetic Movement of the late 19th century, where works were appreciated more for their aesthetic appeal than their deeper meanings. Their careers would intertwine, notably in Beardsley's illustrations of Wilde's Salome. That play had to be moved to Paris because of British censors. That was fitting as both pushed the limits of staid British society. These are a few of the 32.


Here is the aforementioned Salome. Drame en Un Acte. The "Drama in One Act" part is in French for the reason stated above. Wilde wrote the play in English, and rehearsals began in June of 1892 for the play to appear at the Palace Theatre in London. The legendary actress Sarah Bernhardt was to star. However, the censor refused to give it a license. Salome is based on biblical characters, and such was not permitted in 19th century England. So Wilde up and moved the play to Paris. Naturally, it needed to be in French to be appreciated there, so Wilde rewrote it in French. The result is that this edition, one of 600 copies published on February 22, 1893, is a first edition and not a translated one, as Wilde rewrote it himself. Wilde would return to France a few years later under much worse circumstances, where he died (more about that later). Item 8. Priced at $3,500.


The first edition was not the one illustrated by Beardsley. That would be the first English edition, and ironically, this is the translated edition. Item 10 is Salome A Tragedy in One Act: Translated from the French of Oscar Wilde: Pictured by Aubrey Beardsley. It was published the following year, 1894. Beardsley's "striking" illustrations make this one of his best known works. It is dedicated to, and officially translated by (with much help from Wilde himself) Lord Alfred Douglas. Douglas was his lover, and a libel accusation directed by Wilde to Douglas' father, who called Wilde out on the homosexual relationship, led to Wilde's downfall and eventual exile to Paris (more about that later too). This first English edition was published in 500 copies, this one signed "W. Irving Way Chicago 1894." Way was the secretary of the President of the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railroad. After the President retired, he became a bookseller in Chicago, co-founded the Duodecimos and Caxton Club, and formed the fine press publishing house of Way & Williams. $5,750.


This is Wilde's best-known work, perhaps his masterpiece, the play The Importance of Being Earnest. A Trivial Comedy for Serious People. It uses Victorian characters to humorously portray British society. It was a huge success when it opened in 1895, definitively establishing Wilde's recognition as a great writer. However, the play was not published until 1899, and even that took some daring. It was shortly after the opening of the play that Wilde's feud with Douglas' father would break out, resulting in his libel charge and, not long after, his imprisonment for indecency (and, yes, more about that later). Item 17 is one of the large paper copies. $1,375.


Now we will go back to the earliest days of Wilde's career. He started out writing poetry. This poem is entitled The Conqueror of Time. It appears in vol. 1 no. 1 of Time a Monthly Magazine, published in London. The date was April 1879. Wilde graduated Oxford a year earlier, and was in that period of finding his way. He published a number of poems in magazines during his university years, but greater recognition would come when he published his volume Poems in 1881. This poem appears in that volume under the title Athanasia. This magazine publishing is very rare, though Windle notes there may be copies around whose significance is unknown as Wilde's appearance in its pages may not be recognized. Item 13. $1,750.


This final effort by Wilde is unlike anything else he ever wrote, and is the answer to the various "more about that laters." Item 22 is The Ballad of Reading Gaol, published in 1898, the year after he was released. Wilde spent two years as a guest of the state after his conviction for gross indecency and they were about as unpleasant as they could be. He emerged a broken man. He was not equipped for such conditions, nor the food, he not having lived anything like the life of a criminal. He was broken both emotionally and physically. Wilde went into exile in France, where he led a life of despondency and poverty. He could no longer bring himself to write, depending on friends and family for moral and financial support. He continued to deteriorate. Three years after going into exile, Wilde was dead. The Ballad of Reading Gaol was not published under his name, but as by "C. 3. 3." That was his cell number. He feared his name would deter sales. It is a poem based on the life of another inmate, one who was executed. However, its major focus is not so much on the prisoner but on the deplorable conditions in the prison. $3,000.


John Windle Antiquarian Bookseller may be reached at 415-986-5826 or john@johnwindle.com. Their website is www.johnwindle.com.

Rare Book Monthly

  • <b>Forum Auctions: Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works on Paper. March 22, 2018</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar. 22:</b> Jenner (Rev. George Charles). <i>The Evidence at Large...Respecting Dr Jenner's Discovery of Vaccine Inoculation,</i> presentation copy from Edward Jenner to Rev. Rowland Hill, 1805. £4,000 to £6,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar. 22:</b> Houdini (Harry).- Maggi (Girolamo). <i>De tintinnabulis liber postumus...de equuleo liber,</i> Harry Houdini's copy, Amsterdam, H. Wetstein, 1689. £600 to £800
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar. 22:</b> Meyer (Henry Leonard). Coloured Illustrations of British Birds, and their Eggs , 7 vol. in 2 plus Illustrations of British Birds, 4 vol., 1842-50 and [1835-51]. £5,000 to £7,000
    <b>Forum Auctions: Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works on Paper. March 22, 2018</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar. 22:</b> Dickens (Charles). <i>An Entirely New Romantic Drama, in Three Acts, by Mr. Wilkie Collins, called The Frozen Deep,</i> 1857. £3,000 to £4,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar. 22:</b> Lighthouses and Islands of Ireland, c. 125 drawings, 1867. £6,000 to £8,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar. 22:</b> Shelley (Lady Jane). Diary, 1853 & 1860. £1,500 to £2,000
    <b>Forum Auctions: Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works on Paper. March 22, 2018</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar. 22:</b> Scottish Binding.- The Holy Bible, Containing the Old and New Testaments, bound in contemporary brown polished calf decorated with the figure of a Chinese spearman, by ?James Scott of Edinburgh, 1778. £2,000 to £3,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar. 22:</b> Greene (Graham). <i>The Man Within,</i> first edition, signed by the author, 1929. £4,000 to £6,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar. 22:</b> Mellan (Claude, 1598-1688). The Holy Face, or the Veil of St Veronica, [c. 1649 and later]. £800 to £1,200
    <b>Forum Auctions: Fine Books, Manuscripts and Works on Paper. March 22, 2018</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar. 22:</b> Desaguliers (John Theophilus). <i>A Dissertation concerning Electricity,</i> W. Innys, and T. Longman, 1742. £2,000 to £3,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar. 22:</b> Le Jeune (Paul). <i>Relation de se qui s'est passé en la Nouvelle France en l'anné 1636 enuoyée au R.Pere Provincial de la Compagnie de Iesus en la Province de France,</i> 1637. £2,000 to £3,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, Mar. 22:</b> Stumpf (Johann Rudolph). <i>Gemeiner loblicher Eydgnoschafft Stetten, Landen und Völckern Chronicwirdiger thaaten beschreibung, </i> Zurich, Froschauer, 1586. £3,000 to £4,000
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 22: Autographs</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 22:</b> George Washington, Letter Signed to General James Clinton, preparing for the Sullivan-Clinton Campaign, 1778. $25,000 to $35,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 22:</b> Thomas Jefferson, Letter Signed, to Major-General Nathanael Greene, promising to send reinforcements against Cornwallis, 1781. $15,000 to $25,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 22:</b> Thomas Edison, Autograph Letter Signed, to Western Union President William Orton, 1878. $10,000 to $20,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 22: Autographs</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 22:</b> William, Bishop of Coventry, vellum charter granting the church of Rochdale to the Cistercian Abbey of Stanlaw, in Latin, 1222. $3,500 to $5,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 22:</b> FDR, Photograph Signed & Inscribed, framed with wood removed from the White House roof, 1927. $2,500 to $3,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 22:</b> Jean Dubuffet, archive including many letters written while painting in NYC, 1951-72. $4,000 to $6,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 22: Autographs</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 22:</b> Mohandas K. Gandhi, Autograph Letter Signed, describing the source of his patience, 1939. $4,000 to $6,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 22:</b> Lithograph portrait of Albert Einstein by Hermann Struck, signed by both, 1923. $4,000 to $6,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 22:</b> Charles The Bold, Duke of Burgundy, Letter Signed to Johann IV of Nassau, in French, 1470. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 22: Autographs</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 22:</b> Jean Cocteau, Autograph Letter Signed, in French, 1919. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 22:</b> Louis Armstrong, two Autograph Letters Signed to Erich Kauffmann, his lip salve purveyor, 1965-70. $1,500 to $2,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 22:</b> Wernher von Braun, Autograph Letter Signed to Jonathan Cross, 1975. $5,000 to $7,500.
  • <b>Bonhams: Fine Books and Manuscripts. March 9, 2018</b>
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> BEETHOVEN, LUDWIG VAN. Autograph Manuscript sketch-leaf part of the score of the Scottish Songs, "Sunset" Op. 108 no 2. [Vienna, February 1818]. Inscribed by Alexander Wheelock Thayer. $80,000 to $120,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> Violin belonging to Albert Einstein, presented to him by Oscar H. Steger, 1933. $100,000 to $150,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> EINSTEIN, ALBERT. Autograph Letter Signed ("Papa") to his son Hans Albert, discussing his involvement with the atomic bomb, September 2, 1945. $100,000 to $150,000
    <b>Bonhams: Fine Books and Manuscripts. March 9, 2018</b>
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> HAMILTON, ALEXANDER. Autograph Letter Signed, to Baron von Steuben, with extensive notes of Von Steuben's aide Benjamin Walker, June 12, 1780. $10,000 to $15,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> NEWTON, ISAAC. Autograph Manuscript in Latin, being detailed instructions on making the philosopher's stone. 8 pp. 1790s. $200,000 to 300,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> 1869 Inauguration Bible of President Ulysses S. Grant. $80,000 to $120,000
  • <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Charles Darwin on sexuality and the transmission of hereditary characteristics: Autograph Letter Signed to Lawson Tait. Down, 17 January [1877].
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> MILTON, JOHN. <i>Paradise Lost. A Poem written in ten books.</i> London: 1667. A very rare example with the contemporary binding untouched and with a 1667 title page.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Hamilton secures the ratification of the Constitution: <i>The Debates and Proceedings of the Convention of the State of New-York, assembled at Poughkeespsie, on the 17th June, 1788.</i>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> The social contract “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains”: ROUSSEAU, JEAN-JACQUES. <i>Principes du Droit Politique [Du Contract Social]</i>. Amsterdam: Michel Rey, 1762
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> “The first English textbook on geometrical land-measurement and surveying”: BENESE, RICHARD. <i>This Boke Sheweth the Maner of Measurynge All Maner of Lande…</i>

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