• <b>Bonhams: Sale Results from <i>Exploration and Travel, Featuring Americana, Part I.</i> September 25, 2018</b>
    <b>Bonhams, Sep. 25 results:</b> Shackleton, Ernest. <i>Aurora Australis.</i> Printed at the sign of 'The Penguins'; East Antarctica, 1908. Sold for $97,500
    <b>Bonhams, Sep. 25 results:</b> Shackleton, Ernest. <i>South Polar Times.</i> 1st edition, limited issue. from the library of Michael Barne. Sold for $25,000
    <b>Bonhams, Sep. 25 results:</b> General Washington's <i>Proceedings of a General Court Martial... of Major General Lee.</i> Philiadelphia, 1778. 100 copies printed for Congress. BOUND WITH: ...Court Martial... of St Clair and ...Schuyler. Sold for $87,50
    <b>Bonhams: Sale Results from <i>Exploration and Travel, Featuring Americana, Part I.</i> September 25, 2018</b>
    <b>Bonhams, Sep. 25 results:</b> <i>The Voice of the People.</i> Boston, 1754. Rare pamphlet on the Excise Tax. Nathaniel Sparhawk's copy. Sold for $8,750
    <b>Bonhams, Sep. 25 results:</b> Autograph Letter Signed ("S.L. Clemens"), offering extensive hard-earned advice on writing, 5 pp, 1881. Sold for $37,500
    <b>Bonhams, Sep. 25 results:</b> Lewis, Meriwether. Contemporary manuscript true copy of his final power of attorney, 1809. Sold for $7,500
    <b>Bonhams, Sep. 25 results:</b> <i>A New Method of Macarony Making, as Practiced at Boston in North America.</i> Mezzotint. London, 1774. Sold for $6,875
    <b>Bonhams, Sep. 25 results:</b> <i>Scientific Base Ball Pitching: A Treatise on the Pitcher, Pitching, Origin and Philosophy of the Curve.</i> Chicago, 1897. Sold for $3,750
  • <b>Christie’s Online, 31 October –<br>8 November:</b> A signed photograph of Albert Einstein at 50 years old, 1929. £10,000 to £15,000
    <b>Christie’s Online, 31 October –<br>8 November:</b> Isaac Newton (1643–1727). Autograph manuscript on alchemy, [1670s]. £80,000 to £100,000
    <b>Christie’s Online, 31 October –<br>8 November:</b> Stephen Hawking (1942–2018). One of five known copies of Hawking’s PhD thesis, 15 October 1965. £100,000 to £150,000
    <b>Christie’s Online, 31 October –<br>8 November:</b> Charles Darwin (1809–1882). Defending the principle of natural selection, [1876]. £15,000 to £25,000
    <b>Christie’s Online, 31 October –<br>8 November:</b> Albert Einstein (1879–1955). Hans Albert Einstein’s copy of his father’s greatest contribution to physics, [c.1919]. £4,000 to ££6,000
    <b>Christie’s Online, 31 October –<br>8 November:</b> Stephen Hawking (1942–2018). <i>A Brief History of Time,</i> signed with a thumbprint, 1988. £2,000 to £3,000
  • <b>Leslie Hindman Auctioneers: The Adventure & Exploration Library of Steve Fossett. October 31, 2018</b>
    <b>Leslie Hindman, Oct 31:</b> SHACKLETON, Ernest Henry, Sir. <i>Aurora Australis. Printed at the Winter Quarters of the British Antarctic Expedition, 1907, During the Winter Months of April, May, June, July, 1908.</i> $60,000 to $80,000
    <b>Leslie Hindman, Oct 31:</b> HUMBOLDT, Alexander von, and Aime J. A. BONPLAND. <i>Vues des Cordillères, et monumens des peuples indigènes de l'Amérique.</i> Paris, 1810. $30,000 to $40,000
    <b>Leslie Hindman, Oct 31:</b> COOK, James, Captain. [Collected Voyages]. London: Strahan and Cadell, 1773, 1777, 1784. First editions of the second and third voyages. $20,000 to $30,000
    <b>Leslie Hindman Auctioneers: The Adventure & Exploration Library of Steve Fossett. October 31, 2018</b>
    <b>Leslie Hindman, Oct 31:</b> DARWIN, Charles. <i>A Narrative of the Surveying Voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle, between the years 1826 and 1836.</i> $20,000 to $30,000
    <b>Leslie Hindman, Oct 31:</b> SPILBERGEN, Joris van (1568-1620). <i>Speculum orientalis occidentalisque Indiae navigationum.</i> Leiden: Nicolaus van Geelkercken, 1619. $20,000 to $30,000
    <b>Leslie Hindman, Oct 31:</b> DRAKE, Francis, Sir. <i>Sir Francis Drake Revived. Who is or may be a Pattern to stirre up all Heroicke and active Spirits of these Times…</i> London, 1653 [i.e. 1652]. $10,000 to $15,000
    <b>Leslie Hindman Auctioneers: The Adventure & Exploration Library of Steve Fossett. October 31, 2018</b>
    <b>Leslie Hindman, Oct 31:</b> SHACKLETON, Ernest Henry, Sir, Louis C. BERNACCHI, and Apsley George Benet CHERRY-GARRARD, editors. The South Polar Times. London, 1907-1914. $10,000 to $15,000
    <b>Leslie Hindman, Oct 31:</b> ANSON, George. <i>A Voyage round the World, In the Years 1740...</i> 1744. London: John and Paul Knapton for the author, 1748. $8,000 to $12,000
    <b>Leslie Hindman, Oct 31:</b> HERRERA Y TORDESILLAS, Antonio de. <i>Description des Indes Occidentales, Qu'on appelle aujourdhuy Le Nouveau Monde...</i> Amsterdam: Michel Colin, 1622. $8,000 to $12,000
    <b>Leslie Hindman Auctioneers: The Adventure & Exploration Library of Steve Fossett. October 31, 2018</b>
    <b>Leslie Hindman, Oct 31:</b> NOORT, Olivier van. <i>Description du Penible Voyage fait entour de l'univers ou globe terrestre...</i> Amsterdam: Cornille Nicolas, 1610. $5,000 to $7,000
    <b>Leslie Hindman, Oct 31:</b> LEO AFRICANUS, Johannes. <i>A Geographical Historie of Africa, Written in Arabicke and Italian.</i> London: George Bishop, 1600. $4,000 to $6,000
    <b>Leslie Hindman, Oct 31:</b> SCHOUTEN, Willem Corneliszoon. <i>Journal ou Description du Merveilleux Voyage de Guillaume Schouten, Hollandois natif de Hoorn, fait es années 1615, 1616, & 1617.</i> 1619. $4,000 to $6,000
  • <center><b>William Bunch Auctions<br>October Fine Art and Prints<br>October 29, 2018</b>
    <b>William Bunch Auctions, Oct. 29:</b> Aegidius Sadeler (Flemish, 1570-1629), engraving on laid paper "Madonna and Child in a Landscape", after a drawing by Albrecht Durer. $800 to $1,200
    <b>William Bunch Auctions, Oct. 29:</b> Anders Zorn (Swedish, 1860-1920), drypoint etching on paper "On Hemso Island", 1917, pencil signed. $400 to $600
    <b>William Bunch Auctions, Oct. 29:</b> Joseph Pennell (American, 1860-1926), etching on paper "Setting Up Columns", pencil signed. $200 to $300
    <center><b>William Bunch Auctions<br>October Fine Art and Prints<br>October 29, 2018</b>
    <b>William Bunch Auctions, Oct. 29:</b> William Lee Hankey (British, 1869-1952), drypoint etching on paper "Affection", pencil signed. $200 to $300
    <b>William Bunch Auctions, Oct. 29:</b> William Walcot (English, 1874-1943), drypoint etching on paper "Lower Broadway, New York", 1924, pencil signed. $200 to $300
    <b>William Bunch Auctions, Oct. 29:</b> Auguste Brouet (French, 1872-1941), color etching "La Pirouette", pencil signed, ed 111/250. $400 to $600
    <center><b>William Bunch Auctions<br>October Fine Art and Prints<br>October 29, 2018</b>
    <b>William Bunch Auctions, Oct. 29:</b> Thomas Hart Benton (American, 1889-1975), lithograph on paper "The Boy", pencil signed. $2,000 to $3,000
    <b>William Bunch Auctions, Oct. 29:</b> John Stockton de Martelly (American, 1903-1979), lithograph on paper "Looking at the Sunshine", pencil signed, original AAA certificate. $400 to $600
    <b>William Bunch Auctions, Oct. 29:</b> Jacques Hnizdovsky (Ukrainian-American, 1915-1985), woodcut on paper "Moppet", pencil signed and dated 1965, ed 118/250. $400 to $600

Rare Book Monthly

Book Catalogue Reviews - November - 2017 Issue

The Languages of South Asia from John Randall

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Languages of South Asia.

John Randall Books of Asia has issued a selection of The Languages of South Asia, a catalogue of books: dictionaries, grammars, manuals, & literature, with several important works on Tibet. The average reader may think there are a couple, maybe a handful of languages in this area centered in India. Not so. Randall notes that according to the 2001 Census of India, 1,721 languages and dialects are spoken in India alone, 20 with more than 1 million speakers, another 31 with at least 100,000. Now we know where the Tower of Babel was located. Randall's catalogue has books covering a mere 34 of these and yet I will admit that I have never heard of many of them. In case you are wondering whether there are any of a language of most interest to you, here they are: Sanskrit, Hindi, Kashmiri, Nepali, Pahari, Pashto, Persian, Panjabi, Saraiki, Urdu, Tibetan, Andamanese, Assamese, Bengali, Bihari, Dafla, Khondi, Kului, Lephcha, Maithili, Mikir, Oriya, Brahui, Gujarati, Marathi, Sindhi, Dakhui, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu, Tulu, Sinhalese, and Divehi. If you have heard of more than half of these, you are doing better than I. This catalogue is a linguist's dream. Here are a few selections.

 

We begin with a dictionary of the government language of India and the most widely used – Hindi. Indeed, Hindi is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. Here we need to make a few comments in general. Many of these dictionaries are designed to translate Asian languages to English rather than define meaning. Naturally, they would have primarily been prepared during British colonial times. However, they were not most often prepared by government officials, scholars, or linguists. It was the missionaries. They came to Asia to convert the native population, but first they had to know how to communicate with their would-be converts. That was a challenge considering all the different languages, but the missionaries were undaunted, creating dictionaries and grammars of many of the more commonly spoken Asian languages. Item 29 is A Dictionary of the Hindee Language, by John Drew Bate, published in 1875. Bate served as a Baptist missionary in India from 1865-1897. His dictionary was quite an accomplishment, consisting of 50,000 words, double that of the previous standard dictionary. Bate also revised the Old and New Testaments in Hindi, along with writing an anti-Islamic poem, but this was his most notable work. Priced at £125 (British pounds, or approximately $165 U.S. dollars).

 

Next we have the first Urdu dictionary, which requires some explanation as author John Borthwick Gilchrist calls it "Hindoostanee." Urdu and Hindi are variants of Hindustani, languages that are close. Speakers of these language can readily communicate with each other. Urdu is the official language of Pakistan, used primarily by Muslims, the Hindi variant covering a wider swath of India with Hindu populations. However, Urdu is also the primary tongue of several Indian provinces. The recognition of differences between the two may have more to do with the rivalries between faiths and countries than with the languages themselves. Gilchrist's Urdu dictionary is entitled A dictionary, English and Hindoostanee, in which words are marked with their distinguishing initials: as Hinduwee, Arabic and Persian. Whence, the Hindoostanee, or what is vulgarly, but improperly, called the Moor language, is evidently formed. Some more explanation is required here. Hindustani evolved from Arabic and Persian, brought from the West, primarily by Muslims, with a preexisting Indian language of Hindus, which Gilchrist thought was Hinduwee. Hinduwee is similar to Sanskrit, but the use of Sanskrit by upper classes led Gilchrist to contend that it was more of an invented language, a class attribute, while Hinduwee must be the spoken language of the masses. Gilchrist came to India as an assistant surgeon for the East India Company in 1782. He was keenly interested in local languages and their history, publishing this dictionary from 1787-1790. He became the first professor of Hindustani at the College of Fort William in 1800, but later returned to England due to ill health, where he became the first professor of Hindustani at University College, London. Item 59. £3,500 (US $4,605).

 

Here is a book whose subject matter you are not likely to find too many titles covering – Selected agricultural proverbs of the Panjab. Panjab, more often known as "Punjab," is a region in India, home of the Punjabis who speak the Punjabi language. This book contains 1,089 proverbs dealing with agriculture, which seems like a lot of proverbs about anything, but perhaps they are more common in Punjab. Actually, many of these look to be focused on the financial aspects of farming. Among them are, "Starving is a friend, borrowing an enemy," "Rain may stop, but the interest on a debt will not," "Crow, moneylender, and a dog are never to be trusted though asleep," "Who has low land, and high relations, he never will suffer loss," "Laziness and sleep destroy a farmer, as coughing betrays a thief," and "Manure does the work, or God does." I'm a bit confused on the meaning of the last. Author James Robert Maconachie believed proverbs would help reveal the psyche of the local population. Item 53, published in 1890. £650 (US $855).

 

This one is a first, the first book printed in Malayalam. Malayalam is spoken mostly in the Indian state of Kerala, on the southwest coast. In case you think few people speak Malayalam, there are 38 million speakers. Even relatively small languages can have big numbers in a country with a population of over 1.3 billion. The book has its title in both Latin and Malayalam. Here is the Latin version: Compendiosa legis explanatio omnibus Christianis. Even if you don't understand Latin you can surmise this is a religious work. It is a catechism, and rather than being printed somewhere in Kerala, it was printed in Rome. It was published in 1772. Item 163. £950 (US $1,250).

 

Here is one of those difficulties that missionaries faced that you probably never considered, and surprisingly, it led to some serious controversy. The title is, The proper names in the Old and New Testament, rendered into Urdu and Hindi. It was prepared by John A. Shurman, for the Allahabad, North India Bible Society, and printed in 1850 by the Presbyterian Mission Press. Not all that surprisingly, it was something of a challenge to translate all of those names from Biblical antiquity into the various Indian languages. However, the controversy over the names was not the usual Hindu-Muslim split. In this case it was a division within Protestant Christianity. Evidently, the Baptists were not pleased with the Presbyterians' names. Ultimately, the Agra Bible Society that commissioned the work suggested only that it be used as a guide, not a definitive statement. Item 204. £450 (US $592).

 

John Randall Books of Asia may be reached at +44 (0)20 7636 2216 or johnrandall@booksofasia.com. Their website is www.booksofasia.com.

Rare Book Monthly

  • <b>Doyle, Online Auction Oct 30, Travel Literature & Sporting Books from the Library of Arnold ‘Jake’ Johnson:</b> <i>Travels of a Consular Officer in Eastern Tibet.</i> $300 to $400
    <b>Doyle, Online Auction Oct 30, Travel Literature & Sporting Books from the Library of Arnold ‘Jake’ Johnson:</b> <i>A Record of a Trip through Canada's Wilderness to Lake Chibogamoo and to the Great Lake Mistassini in the Summer of 1906.</i> $500 to $70
    <b>Doyle, Online Auction Oct 30, Travel Literature & Sporting Books from the Library of Arnold ‘Jake’ Johnson:</b> <i>Mongolia, the Tangut Country, and the Solitudes of Northern Tibet...</i> $500 to $700
    <b>Doyle, Online Auction Oct 30, Travel Literature & Sporting Books from the Library of Arnold ‘Jake’ Johnson:</b> <i>Trenton Falls, Picturesque and Descriptive.</i> $20 to $30
    <b>Doyle, Online Auction Oct 30, Travel Literature & Sporting Books from the Library of Arnold ‘Jake’ Johnson:</b> <i>Polo in India.</i> $300 to $500
    <b>Doyle, Online Auction Oct 30, Travel Literature & Sporting Books from the Library of Arnold ‘Jake’ Johnson:</b> <i>The Far Interior: A Narrative of Travel and Adventure from the Cape of Good Hope across the Zambesi...</i> $400 to $500
    <b>Doyle, Online Auction Oct 30, Travel Literature & Sporting Books from the Library of Arnold ‘Jake’ Johnson:</b> <i>A Year on the Punjab Frontier, in 1848-49</i>… $400 to $500
  • <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Charles Darwin on sexuality and the transmission of hereditary characteristics: Autograph Letter Signed to Lawson Tait. Down, 17 January [1877].
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> MILTON, JOHN. <i>Paradise Lost. A Poem written in ten books.</i> London: 1667. A very rare example with the contemporary binding untouched and with a 1667 title page.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Hamilton secures the ratification of the Constitution: <i>The Debates and Proceedings of the Convention of the State of New-York, assembled at Poughkeespsie, on the 17th June, 1788.</i>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> The social contract “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains”: ROUSSEAU, JEAN-JACQUES. <i>Principes du Droit Politique [Du Contract Social]</i>. Amsterdam: Michel Rey, 1762
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> “The first English textbook on geometrical land-measurement and surveying”: BENESE, RICHARD. <i>This Boke Sheweth the Maner of Measurynge All Maner of Lande…</i>
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries Nov 8:</b> Kurt Vonnegut, archive of 12 letters, signed to his family, 6 illustrated, 1930s-40s. $4,000 to $6,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Nov 8:</b> Allen Ginsberg, 11 autograph manuscripts, including 10 drafts of poems & a page of notes, circa 1948. $4,000 to $6,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Nov 8:</b> Joan Miró, illustrated autograph note signed to MoMA Director of Exhibitions & Publications, 1959. $6,000 to $9,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Nov 8:</b> Carl Gustav Jung, typed letter signed to a colleague, 1948. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Nov 8:</b> Gustav Mahler, ALS, arranging a meeting during his historic visit to New York, circa 1908. $4,000 to $6,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Nov 8:</b> Mark Twain, ALS, explaining the target of his new book, 1902. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Nov 8:</b> Charles Dickens, ALS, accepting an invitation in the voice of a <i>Martin Chuzzlewit</i> character, 1843. $4,000 to $6,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Nov 8:</b> Jacob Lawrence, illustrated greeting card signed, 1960. $2,000 to $3,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Nov 8:</b> Robert E. Lee, ALS, to the colonel of the Kanawha Valley volunteers, boosting morale, 1861. $15,000 to $25,000

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