Rare Book Monthly

Book Catalogue Reviews - January - 2017 Issue

18th-19th Century Americana from David Lesser Antiquarian Books

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Catalogue 153 of Rare Americana.

David Lesser Fine Antiquarian Books has created their Catalogue 153 of Rare Americana. Offered is a new collection of books, pamphlets, manuscripts and other forms of works on paper pertaining to America. The great majority of the items come from the 18th or 19th century. Beyond that, the topics vary, though the Revolution, Civil War, and the battles over slavery leading up to the Civil War are frequently found. Politics and theology are favorite subjects. Here are a few of the pieces within this new catalogue.

 

Considering the high level of sexual scandal that permeated our most recent presidential election, this is a good time to look back and realize this was not a first. They weren't keeping polls in 1884, but perhaps that would have rivaled 2016 for unpopularity of the candidates. Certainly, the Republican nominee was not well liked, a man with a reputation for selling political favors. His opponent, Grover Cleveland, seemed a likable enough fellow, but his sex scandal must have damaged his reputation. During the campaign, it was revealed that Cleveland had fathered a child out of wedlock. As this pamphlet from that election year demonstrates, the Republicans quickly made use of this scandal to balance their own candidate's shortcomings. It is entitled, "Tell The Truth." Or The Story of a Working Woman's Wrongs. Cleveland's friends depicted the wronged woman, Maria Halpin, as a "working woman" of the wrong sort. Cleveland maintained he acknowledged paternity because he was single, while his friends, who also enjoyed the lady's favors, were married. Ms. Halpin, on the other hand, maintained that Cleveland had pursued her, and at one point, despite her vehement protestations, forced himself upon her. The child was named Oscar Folsom Cleveland, after Cleveland's friend Oscar Folsom. Cleveland paid some money, the child was placed with an adoptive family and disappeared (a recent book claims that he changed his name and was a Buffalo gynecologist who died in 1947). Ironically enough, many years later, Cleveland married Oscar Folsom's Daughter, Frances. This pamphlet pronounces, "The Libertine is a foe to the home, and is, therefore, in a certain sense, a traitor to the republic." This line of reasoning was not applied during the most recent election. And while Cleveland did not have to deal with tape recorders, there were prying eyes. The pamphlet explains, "An officer long on the police force declares that he has often seen Mr. Cleveland beastly drunk, and has indisputable evidence of his habitual immoralities with women." Despite all of this, the electorate decided habitual immoralities with women were preferable to habitual immoralities with money and elected Cleveland anyway. Item 11. Priced at $450.

 

Cleveland never faced these allegations in court, so we can't render a verdict on their accuracy. Dr. James H. Campfield was not so lucky. Item 35 is a jury oration by attorney James S. Ewing in the case of Fanny L. Cavalry vs. Jas. H. Campfield (the printed document stated 1885 but was hand-corrected to 1881). Arguing for this "orphan girl," Ewing claims, "that the defendant took advantage of her helplessness, and while in a state of insensibility, produced by some hellish drug, without her consent or knowledge, had sexual intercourse with her, which resulted in her pregnancy..." He continued, "These treatments were repeated three times." Sort of like those vaccines that require a couple of booster shots. The jury agreed with Ewing, and awarded Ms. Cavalry $50,000, an enormous sum of money at the time. $500.

 

Item 44 consists of two letters written by John Gifford of Rochester, New York, to John Cole. The second, dated January 11, 1837 (an error, meant to be 1838) contains some interesting observations. He writes, "...our city for the last month has been filled with war and rumors of war. Meetings every night to get recruits for Navy Island, Col. Woods Regiment of the Artillery left here on Saturday for Buffalo to guard the frontier..." Rumors of war? In western New York in 1838? This would have been the short-lived, unsuccessful Canadian rebellion. In late 1837, William Lyon Mackenzie led a rebellion in Upper Canada (Ontario) against British rule. It attempted to take advantage of a similar rebellion going on in Quebec. The British were up to the task of taking on both. Mackenzie's forces were quickly overwhelmed, fleeing to the Navy Island mentioned in Gifford's letter in the Niagara River, where he proclaimed the Republic of Canada. While the rebels never got much traction in Canada, they did gather sympathy across the border in America, memories of her own successful rebellion against the British still relatively fresh. The situation was exacerbated when the British captured an American boat, the Caroline, which had been supplying the rebels. One American was killed, the boat set afire and pushed over the falls. Americans were incensed, hence the preparation for war about which Gifford writes. It was short-lived. Two days after the letter was written, Mackenzie and his men were forced to abandon Navy Island, crossing into America for safety, where they were imprisoned for violating the Neutrality Act. $175.

 

The North Carolina legislature updated the Laws of North Carolina. At a General Assembly, Begun and Held at Newbern... The year was 1794 and the state was preparing its defenses. It ceded land to the United States for a fort at Cape Fear, and at Cape Hatteras for a lighthouse. It passed a detailed Militia Act, enrolling "all free men and indented servants, citizens of this State, or the United States." However, it did exempt "all Quakers, Moravians, Dunkards, or Menonists," along with state and federal officers and "Ministers of the gospel of every denomination that are properly and regularly ordained, having the cure of souls." Item 83. $1,250.

 

Lesser has several early cigarette cards featuring black boxers. These came in Hassan Cork Tip Cigarettes The Oriental Smoke, part of a series issued around 1910. Hassan's cards featured not only boxers and other notable athletes, but Indians, actresses, lighthouses, and more. Apparently, card stock had been used to prevent the packs from crushing, with cigarette makers later realizing they could print something on the cards to generate greater interest and sales of their brands. Considering the controversy surrounding black heavyweight champion Jack Johnson, who appears on one of these cards, it seems likely that packs with black figures on the cards were targeted for the African-American market. Most Hassan cards feature white personalities. Hassan was a cheaper Turkish blend, advertising itself on the cards as "the largest selling brand of cigarettes in America." That sounds a bit aggressive, but perhaps it was referring to the American Tobacco Company, which produced the Hassan brand and many others. A later advertisement for Hassan is a bit more specific, calling it "the biggest selling 5¢ Cork Tip Cigarette in America," a less encompassing claim. David Lesser offers cards for Jack Johnson (2), Joe Gans, Joe Jeanette, and Sam Langford. $175-$200 each.

 

David M. Lesser Fine Antiquarian Books may be reached at 203-389-8111 or dmlesser@lesserbooks.com. Their website is www.lesserbooks.com.

Rare Book Monthly

  • <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> E.H. SHEPARD, Original drawing for A.A. Milne’s The House at Pooh Corner.<br>$40,000-60,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> BERNARD RATZER, Plan of the City of New York in North America, surveyed in the years 1766 & 1767. $80,000-100,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> THOMAS JEFFERSON, Autograph letter signed comparing Logan, Tecumseh, and Little Turtle to the Spartans. Monticello: 15 February 1821. $14,000-18,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> JOHN C. FREMONT, Narrative of the Exploring Expedition to the Rocky Mountains, in the Year 1842.. Abridged edition, the only one containing the folding map From the Sporting Library of Arnold “Jake” Johnson. $3,000-5,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> ZANE GREY, Album containing 94 large format photographs of Grey and party at Catalina Island, Arizona, and fishing in the Pacific. From the Sporting Library of Arnold “Jake” Johnson. $5,000-$8,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> WILLIAM COMBE, A History of Madeira ... illustrative of the Costumes, Manners, and Occupations of the Inhabitants. produced by Ackermann in 1821; From the Sporting Library of Jake Johnson. $2,000-$3,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> ERIC TAVERNER, Salmon Fishing... One of 275 copies signed by Taverner, published in 1931,From the Sporting Library of Jake Johnson. $2,000-$3,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> JOHN WHITEHEAD, Exploration of Mount Kina Balu, North Borneo. Whitehead reached the high point of Kinabalu in 1888. Part of a major group of travel books from the Sporting Library of Jake Johnson. $2,000-$3,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> JOHN LONG, Voyages and Travels of an Indian Interpreter and Trader, describing the Manners and Customs of the North American Indians... The first edition of 1791. $3,000-$5,000
    <b>Doyle, April 25:</b> SAMUEL BECKETT, Stirrings Still. This, Beckett’s last work of fiction with original lithographs by Le Brocquy, limited to 200 copies signed by the author and the artist. From the Estate of Howard Kaminsky.. $1,500-$2,500
  • <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Charles Darwin on sexuality and the transmission of hereditary characteristics: Autograph Letter Signed to Lawson Tait. Down, 17 January [1877].
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> MILTON, JOHN. <i>Paradise Lost. A Poem written in ten books.</i> London: 1667. A very rare example with the contemporary binding untouched and with a 1667 title page.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Hamilton secures the ratification of the Constitution: <i>The Debates and Proceedings of the Convention of the State of New-York, assembled at Poughkeespsie, on the 17th June, 1788.</i>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> The social contract “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains”: ROUSSEAU, JEAN-JACQUES. <i>Principes du Droit Politique [Du Contract Social]</i>. Amsterdam: Michel Rey, 1762
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> “The first English textbook on geometrical land-measurement and surveying”: BENESE, RICHARD. <i>This Boke Sheweth the Maner of Measurynge All Maner of Lande…</i>
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b> Jacques-Émile Ruhlmann, wallpaper sample book, circa 1919. $15,000 to $25,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b> Archive from a late office of the Breuer & Smith architectural team, New York, 1960-70s. $3,500 to $5,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b> William Morris, <i>The Story of the Glittering Plain or the Land of Living Men,</i> illustrated by Walter Crane, Kelmscott Press, Hammersmith, 1894. $2,500 to $3,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b> Gustave Doré, <i>La Sainte Bible selon la Vulgate,</i> Tours, 1866. $15,000 to $25,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b> Gustav Klimt & Max Eisler, <i>Eine Nachlese,</i> complete set, Vienna, 1931. $15,000 to $25,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b><br>Eric Allatini & Gerda Wegener, <i>Sur Talons Rouges,</i> with original watercolor by Wegener, Paris, 1929. $5,000 to $7,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b><br>C.P. Cavafy, <i>Fourteen Poems,</i> illustrated & signed by David Hockney, London, 1966. $5,000 to $7,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b> Jean Midolle, <i>Spécimen des Écritures Modernes...</i>, Strasbourg, 1834-35. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 26:</b><br>E.A. Seguy, <i>Floréal: Dessins & Coloris Nouveaux,</i> Paris, 1925. $3,000 to $4,000.
  • <b>Bonhams: Results from Fine Books and Manuscripts on March 9, 2018</b>
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> BEETHOVEN, LUDWIG VAN. Autograph Manuscript sketch-leaf part of the score of the Scottish Songs, "Sunset" Op. 108 no 2. [Vienna, February 1818]. Inscribed by Alexander Wheelock Thayer. SOLD for $131,250
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> Violin belonging to Albert Einstein, presented to him by Oscar H. Steger, 1933. SOLD for $516,500
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> EINSTEIN, ALBERT. Autograph Letter Signed ("Papa") to his son Hans Albert, discussing his involvement with the atomic bomb, September 2, 1945. SOLD for $106,250
    <b>Bonhams: Results from Fine Books and Manuscripts on March 9, 2018</b>
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> HAMILTON, ALEXANDER. Autograph Letter Signed, to Baron von Steuben, with extensive notes of Von Steuben's aide Benjamin Walker, June 12, 1780. SOLD for $16,250
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> NEWTON, ISAAC. Autograph Manuscript in Latin, being detailed instructions on making the philosopher's stone. 8 pp. 1790s. SOLD for $275,000
    <b>Bonhams, Mar. 9:</b> 1869 Inauguration Bible of President Ulysses S. Grant. SOLD for $118,750

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