[ENOLA GAY NAVIGATION LOG], NAVIGATOR'S LOG, WAR DEPARTMENT AAF FORM NO. 21A, TINIAN ISLAND TO HIROSHIMA, JAPAN, AND BACK, 0245AM TO 1458PM IN LOCAL TINIAN TIME, AUGUST 6, 1945

Lot Number 46
Author [World War II] - Van Kirk, Captain Theodore "Dutch"
Title

[ENOLA GAY NAVIGATION LOG], NAVIGATOR'S LOG, WAR DEPARTMENT AAF FORM NO. 21A, TINIAN ISLAND TO HIROSHIMA, JAPAN, AND BACK, 0245AM TO 1458PM IN LOCAL TINIAN TIME, AUGUST 6, 1945

Year Published 1945
Place Printed
Printed By
Description Two folding sheets, meant to be folded into quarters, (255 x 658 mm and 660 x 512 mm, bottom half of first sheet, presumably blank, has been removed), printed on top half of rectos with a table to record data including the name & type of plane, place of departure & destination, tables to record the mission orders, flight plan, information on the flight crew, winds and weather conditions,  fuel consumption, celestial data, and memoranda, as well as a radio bearing worksheet, temperature and pressure conversion scales, and diagrams to help calculate interception and radius of action; printed on bottom half of recto and versos with fields to record detailed flight information, including the point, time, position, true course, ground speed, temperature, and other remarks. Both sheets filled out on verso in pencil, and dated Aug 6 - 1945, at point AP0247 Tinian, at time 0245. Penciled notes kept in Tinian local time, one hour ahead of Hiroshima time, with the bomber’s position noted by latitude and longitude in the first column, and distance and speed noted in knots. Creases where previously folded, minor tears at head and foot of central folds, 9 lines of log filled out on recto of larger sheet with information from the Practice Bomb drop session done on April 12, 1946 in Roswell, New Mexico.
Comments An exceptionally important record from the dawn of the atomic age - the manuscript navigation log kept by Captain Theodore "Dutch" Van Kirk on the Enola Gay, the Boeing B-29 Superfortress bomber that dropped the 9,000-pound bomb code-named “Little Boy" on the city of Hiroshima, the first atomic bomb to be used in war. The log charts the steady progress of the Enola Gay (named for the pilot Colonel Paul Tibbets’ mother, Enola Gay Tibbets) noting positions and other details every 10 minutes or so, from its take-off from the base on Tinian Island at 2:45 am (Tinian local time), to its return to base at 2:58 pm that same day, recording the fateful moment at 15 seconds past 08:15am when it dropped "Little Boy" on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, resulting in the death of 71,000, and injuring another 68,000. Detonated only 43 seconds after having been dropped at 1,890 feet, it effectively destroyed the city. Three days later, a second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki – the Enola Gay serving once again, this time as the weather reconnaissance aircraft. A week later, Japan surrendered, and World War II came to an end. The log begins at 0245 at Tinian, and notes "N Tip Siapan" (sic) as the first position in the log, at 0255½. At 0435, one hour and forty minutes later, Van Kirk notes that the compass was reset, and at 0515, notes that he altered the true course slightly from 335° to 334°. After flying over Iwo [Jima] at 0555, he notes the bomber as “circling left" before passing over Iwo [Jima] again at 0602½ following a second resetting of the compass, and then a third reset at 0740. At 0830, Van Kirk notes that the IFF system (Identification, Friend or Foe) was shut off, and as they approached the target at 0912, he notes “Large T ships in Harber (sic) at Mishima". At 0915½ (30 seconds past 8:15am Hiroshima local time) in the position field Van Kirk notes the action that would end the war and change the world forever, “Bomb Away", further writing in the remarks field “Circle E of Target." By 0931 they were flying over Mishima, and just past 29° 43’ E 137° 03’ E, a little over an hour and a half later, Van Kirk notes “10:52 – Cloud Gone". By 1219 they were flying back over Iwo Jima, and at 1458, they arrived safely back at base on Tinian Island, 12 hours and 13 minutes later.Decades after the historical flight took place, Captain Van Kirk recalled that "Our takeoff time was 2:45 A.M... The purpose of the log, was to record flight data used by the navigator to keep the airplane on course and on time, and, also, to allow the navigator to determine aircraft location in a short time in the event of problems with the plane or bomb... the line of small uninhabited volcanic islands between Tinian and Iwo Jima permitted good course control via radar. During darkness, until about 4:45 A.M., celestial sightings on the star Polaris gave latitude readings and therefore good speed lines on the course we were flying. During daylight, between Iwo Jima and Japan, good weather permitted accurate drift readings and from them accurate wind calculations. Also, visibility was outstanding allowing visual sightings of the Japanese coast line about 75 miles away at our high altitude" (In an audio interview recorded ca. 2007).In 1945, the 509th Composite group, which was formed by the US Air Force and trained in secret, deployed to Tinian with 15 B-29 bombers, along with the Enola Gay and 1700 men including ground and flight crews. Amongst them was  the 12-man crew of the Enola Gay; the navigator, Captain Theodore Van Kirk; Colonel Paul W. Tibbets Jr., aircraft commander and pilot; Captain Robert A. Lewis, co-pilot; Major Thomas Ferebee, bombardier; Captain William S, Parsons, weaponeer and mission commander; 1st  Lieutenant Jacob Beser, radar countermeasures; Sergeant Joe S. Stiborik,  radar operator; 2nd Lieutenant Morris R. Jeppson, assistant weaponeer; Sergeant Robert H. Shumard, assistant flight engineer; Private 1st Class Richard H. Nelson, VHF radion operator; and Technical Sergeant George R. “Bob" Caron, tail gunner.  Theodore “Dutch" Van Kirk was the last surviving member of the crew, and died in 2014 at the age of 93.
References Tibbets, Paul W. Return of the Enola Gay. New Hope, Pennsylvania: Enola Gay Remembered Inc, 1998.
Provenance Captain Theodore Van Kirk (Heritage October 2007 lot 30572)
Estimated Price USD 300,000.00 - 500,000.00
Actual Price USD 372,500.00

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AUCTION DETAILS

Auction House Sothebys
Website http://www.sothebys.com/
Auction Name Fine Books and Manuscripts, Including Americana
Sale Number #n09588
Auction Date December 6, 2016 - December 6, 2016
Sale Name Fine Books and Manuscripts, Including Americana
Total Lots 162
Description of Sale

Post Sale Description

Book Images
  • <b>19th Century Shop’s Catalog 170 Great Books and Photos. Please inquire for a copy.</b>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Exodus 10:10 to 16:15. Complete Biblical scroll sheet in Hebrew, a Torah scroll panel. Middle East, ca. 10th or 11th century.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Copernicus Refuted. (Astronomy.). Scientific manuscript of a course of studies at Collège de la Trinité, Lyon. 1660s.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Israel’s War of Independence and the Early Days of the IDF. 58 photographs presented to Israel Ber, IDF officer and later convicted spy.
    <b>19th Century Shop’s Catalog 170 Great Books and Photos. Please inquire for a copy.</b>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Early Unpublished Darwin letter on the races of man. Autograph Letter Signed [to Henry Denny]. Down, Kent, June 1, [1844].
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Classic Image of American Slavery. Kimball, M. H. <i>Emancipated Slaves</i>. New York: George Hanks, 1863.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> (Underground Railroad.) Scaggs, Isaac. Important Runaway Slave Poster: $500 Reward Ran away, or decoyed from the subscriber…
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2: Vintage Posters</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> <i>Keep Calm and Carry On</i>, designer unknown, 1939. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Théophile-Alexandre Steinlen, <i>Le Journal / La Traite des Blanches</i>, 1899. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> <i>"Let Us Go Forward Together,"</i> designer unknown, 1940. $2,000 to $3,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2: Vintage Posters</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, <i>Babylone d'Allemagne</i>, 1894. $20,000 to $30,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Frank Beatty, <i>Out of the Running</i>, 1929. $2,000 to $3,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> James Montgomery Flagg, <i>Wake Up America Day</i>, 1917. $4,000 to $6,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2: Vintage Posters</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> <i>Danté / Sim • Sala • Bim!</i>, designer unknown. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Alphonse Mucha, <i>[Zodiac]</i>, 1900. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Rick Griffin, <i>Jimi Hendrix Experience / John Mayall</i>, 1968. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2: Vintage Posters</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Abram Games, <i>Join the ATS</i>, 1941. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Aldo Mazza, <i>Torino / Esposizione Internazionale</i>, 1911. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Robert Motherwell, <i>Julliard School / Dedication - Lincoln Center</i>, 1969. $3,000 to $4,000
  • <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Newton. <i>Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica</i>. London, 1687.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Josephus. <i>De antiquitate Judaica.</i> Lubeck, 1475-76.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Carlerius. <i>Sporta fragmentorum, Sportula fragmentorum</i>. Brussels, 1478-79.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Fridolin. <i>Der Schatzbehalter</i>. Nuremberg, 1491.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Pinder. <i>Der beschlossen gart des rosenkrantz marie</i>. Nuremberg, 1505.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Isidorus Hispalensis. <i>Synonyma de Homine</i>. Nuremberg, 1470-71.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Durer. Sammelband including <i>Underweysung der messing</i>. Nuremberg, 1525-29.
  • <b>Booth & Williams: NO RESERVE Rare Book Auction, now through July 23, 7:15PM EDT</b>
    <b>Booth & Williams No Reserve Sale until Jul 23:</b> John Muir. <i>My First Summer in the Sierra</i>, Boston, 1911.
    <b>Booth & Williams No Reserve Sale until Jul 23:</b> Ernest Hemingway. <i>For Whom the Bell Tolls</i>, New York, 1940. First edition later printing.
    <b>Booth & Williams No Reserve Sale until Jul 23:</b> Upton Sinclair. <i>The Jungle</i>, New York, 1906. First edition.
    <b>Booth & Williams: NO RESERVE Rare Book Auction, now through July 23, 7:15PM EDT</b>
    <b>Booth & Williams No Reserve Sale until Jul 23:</b> George Orwell. <i>Nineteen Eighty-Four</i>, 1949. First American edition.
    <b>Booth & Williams No Reserve Sale until Jul 23:</b> Harper Lee. <i>To Kill a Mocking Bird</i>, 1960. Early printing.
    <b>Booth & Williams No Reserve Sale until Jul 23:</b> Richard Wright. <i>Native Son</i>, New York, 1940. First edition.
    <b>Booth & Williams: NO RESERVE Rare Book Auction, now through July 23, 7:15PM EDT</b>
    <b>Booth & Williams No Reserve Sale until Jul 23:</b> Dryden, Congreve, and others. <i>Ovid’s Art of Love</i>, London, 1764. English translation of Ovid’s work.
    <b>Booth & Williams No Reserve Sale until Jul 23:</b> S. E. Hinton. <i>The Outsiders</i>, New York, 1967. First edition.
    <b>Booth & Williams No Reserve Sale until Jul 23:</b> J. D. Salinger. <i>The Catcher in the Rye</i>, Boston, 1951. Book club edition.
    <b>Booth & Williams: NO RESERVE Rare Book Auction, now through July 23, 7:15PM EDT</b>
    <b>Booth & Williams No Reserve Sale until Jul 23:</b> Ayn Rand. <i>Atlas Shrugged</i>, New York, 1957. Early printing.
    <b>Booth & Williams No Reserve Sale until Jul 23:</b> J. D. Salinger. <i>Raise High The Roof Beam, Carpenters</i> and <i>Seymour: An Introduction</i>, Boston, 1963. First [book] edition, third state.
    <b>Booth & Williams No Reserve Sale until Jul 23:</b> Tennessee Williams. <i>Sweet Bird of Youth</i>, 1959. First edition.
  • <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>