BIBLIA. THE BIBLE, THAT IS, THE HOLY SCRIPTURE OF THE OLDE AND NEW TESTAMENT, FAITHFULLY AND TRULY TRANLSATED OUT OF DOUCHE AND LATYN IN TO ENGLISH ?

Lot Number 46
Author
Title

BIBLIA. THE BIBLE, THAT IS, THE HOLY SCRIPTURE OF THE OLDE AND NEW TESTAMENT, FAITHFULLY AND TRULY TRANLSATED OUT OF DOUCHE AND LATYN IN TO ENGLISH ?

Year Published 1535 OR 1536
Place Printed COLOGNE
Printed By EUCHERIUS CERVICORNUS AND JOHANNES SOTER; (FIRST QUIRE) PRINTED AT SOUTHWARK JAMES NICOLSON
Description BIBLIA. THE BIBLE, THAT IS, THE HOLY SCRIPTURE OF THE OLDE AND NEW TESTAMENT, FAITHFULLY AND TRULY TRANLSATED OUT OF DOUCHE AND LATYN IN TO ENGLISH [?COLOGNE: EUCHERIUS CERVICORNUS (PTS. 1–2, 6) AND JOHANNES SOTER (PTS. 3–5)] 4 OCTOBER 1535; [PRELIMINARIES (FIRST QUIRE) PRINTED AT SOUTHWARK: JAMES NICOLSON, 1535 OR 1536]

Bible in English, Coverdale's Version

6 parts in one volume, folio (12 1/4 x 7 7/8 in.; 311 x 200 mm). Text in double columns, black letter (English for preliminaries, Schwabacher for the text with roman for marginalia and disputed words), general title within woodcut border attributed to Hans Holbein the Younger (McKerrow & Ferguson 31), separate titles within woodcut borders composed of eight blocks (with some repeats) for parts two (The seconde parte of the Olde Testament) and four (All the Prophetes in Englishe) of the Old Testament, the Apocrypha and the New Testament, each with separate registers and foliation (as well as for the Book of Job which has a drop title), 158 woodcut illustrations made from 68 woodblocks derived from designs by Hans Sebald Beham (which first appeared in a Bible printed at Frankfurt by Christian Egenolff, 1534), woodcut and flourished gothic script initials; washed and pressed, [Maltese cross]1–6, TT5, and folding map (as usual) supplied in facsimile by John Harris, lacks final blank TT6, closed tear on [Maltese cross] 7, marginal repairs slightly affect text on EE1, LL1, TT1–4, bottom margins of f4 and G3 extended, fore-edge of e4 extended slightly affecting woodcut and side-notes, minor marginal repairs to about 120 leaves chiefly to lower right corners. Early twentieth-century crushed black morocco, spine in six compartments lettered gilt, gilt-ruled turn-ins, edges gilt; spine and board edges very lightly rubbed.
Comments First edition of the whole Bible in English, and one of the most complete copies to appear at auction in over twenty years, with only ten leaves supplied in facsimile. The original title-page, printed in the same type as the body of the book, and its conjugate exist in only one copy, the Holkham Hall copy now at the British Library; no inner sheets of the Cologne quire are known. James Nicolson reprinted the preliminary quire, containing a dedication to Henry VIII and a flattering salutation to his "dearest just, and most virtuous wyfe, Pryncesse, Quene Anne."  To his 1537 edition of the Bible, Nicolson added a map of the Holy Land, although it has been inserted into some copies of the first edition. It survives complete in only two copies of the 1535 edition: the Jersey-Proby copy and the Gloucester Cathedral copy, both of which have a title-page dated 1536. Many differences of opinion have surrounded the production and distribution of the Coverdale Bible. Once thought to have been printed by Christopher Froschauer at Zurich, it was assigned to Cologne printers Johannes Soter and Eucherius Cervicornus by L.A. Sheppard on the basis of the woodcut initials. Sheppard also observed that the initial sets in the main appeared exclusively in the different parts and concluded that they had been divided between Soter and Cervicornus. Guido Latré has conjectured that Antwerp was the most likely place of publication, but his claim, as pointed out by Peter W.M. Blayney, is purely anecdotal, bearing no evidential weight. It is true that Jacob van Meteren, a merchant sympathetic to the Reformation, resided at Antwerp and was to some extent responsible for financing the translation of the book but not necessarily its publication. Van Meteren's son Emanuel, in his 1609 recollection, conflated the publication of the Coverdale Bible with that of the Great Bible of 1539, which Coverdale had revised from the Antwerp-printed "Matthew" Bible of 1537, and which was printed in Paris and London at the expense of Edward Whitchurch and Richard Grafton. Furthermore by 1535, with Tyndale having been imprisoned and van Meteren's house searched, Antwerp was no longer considered a safe haven for Protestants. Cologne, too, experienced its share of religious intolerance. Printers like Peter Quentel, who had previously printed reformist books, now embraced anti-reformist works. Given these circumstances, Sheppard advanced that at least part of the book was printed at Cologne and part at Marburg. While it is true that Cervicornus produced books concurrently at Cologne and Marburg between 1535 and 1537, he did not matriculate at university there until November of that year, nearly a full month after the date given in the colophon (TT5v). Therefore, Blayney concludes that despite Sheppard's "ill-advised detour into Marburg," his attribution to Cervicornus and Soter of Cologne remains unaffected.   On the title-page, Coverdale freely admits that he translated the Bible "out of Douche [German] and Latin" rather than from the Hebrew and Greek. While his prologue apologetically recognizes his linguistic limitations, it also asserts his determination to provide the best possible version of the Bible in the English vernacular. He used Tyndale as the basis for the New Testament, Pentateuch, and Jonah, and consulted the translation of the Latin Vulgate and Martin Luther's complete German translation of 1534. Other sources probably included a German translation by Ulrich Zwingli and Leo Jud, a literal translation into Latin by Santi Pagnini, and Erasmus's Latin translation of the New Testament. He was the first to introduce chapter headings, grouping them all together at the beginning of each book. He also was the first to separate the books of the Apocrypha from the canonical Old Testament and place them together before the beginning of the New Testament.  Coverdale also decided to include Baruch among the Prophets rather than in the Apocrypha, which prompted an early owner of the Ashburnham-Wardington copy to caustically to remark beside the explanatory clause "very improperly" (Sotheby's London, 12 July 2006, lot 1).

Dr. Adam Clarke, ?1762–1832 (sale, Evans 18–27 February 1833, clipping on lower flyleaf with notes by William Gott) — William Gott, ?1797–1863 (engraved armorial with motto "Nec temere | Nec timide" cut round and mounted on front pastedown, various annotations tipped to lower flyleaf) — Bernard Quaritch (collation and condition notes in pencil on lower pastedown dated 7.7.22) — John Howell Books (note in pencil by J[ohn]. R. W[indle]. dated 4/5/74 below Quaritch notes). acquisition: John Howell Books
References Formatting the Word of God 8.1; STC 2063, 2063.3, or 2063.5 (none positing Marburg as a publication venue); Peter W.M. Blayney, The Stationers' Company and the Printers of London. Vol. 1 1501–1546 (2013), pp. 344–351, passim; Herbert 18; J.F. Mozley, Cove
Provenance
Estimated Price USD 150,000.00 - 250,000.00
Actual Price USD 348,500.00

Search

AUCTION DETAILS

Auction House Sothebys
Website http://www.sothebys.com/
Auction Name The Bible Collection of Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie
Sale Number #n09539
Auction Date December 5, 2016 - December 5, 2016
Sale Name The Bible Collection of Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie
Total Lots 196
Description of Sale

Post Sale Description

Book Images
  • <b>19th Century Shop’s Catalog 170 Great Books and Photos. Please inquire for a copy.</b>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Exodus 10:10 to 16:15. Complete Biblical scroll sheet in Hebrew, a Torah scroll panel. Middle East, ca. 10th or 11th century.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Copernicus Refuted. (Astronomy.). Scientific manuscript of a course of studies at Collège de la Trinité, Lyon. 1660s.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Israel’s War of Independence and the Early Days of the IDF. 58 photographs presented to Israel Ber, IDF officer and later convicted spy.
    <b>19th Century Shop’s Catalog 170 Great Books and Photos. Please inquire for a copy.</b>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Early Unpublished Darwin letter on the races of man. Autograph Letter Signed [to Henry Denny]. Down, Kent, June 1, [1844].
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Classic Image of American Slavery. Kimball, M. H. <i>Emancipated Slaves</i>. New York: George Hanks, 1863.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> (Underground Railroad.) Scaggs, Isaac. Important Runaway Slave Poster: $500 Reward Ran away, or decoyed from the subscriber…
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2: Vintage Posters</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> <i>Keep Calm and Carry On</i>, designer unknown, 1939. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Théophile-Alexandre Steinlen, <i>Le Journal / La Traite des Blanches</i>, 1899. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> <i>"Let Us Go Forward Together,"</i> designer unknown, 1940. $2,000 to $3,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2: Vintage Posters</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, <i>Babylone d'Allemagne</i>, 1894. $20,000 to $30,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Frank Beatty, <i>Out of the Running</i>, 1929. $2,000 to $3,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> James Montgomery Flagg, <i>Wake Up America Day</i>, 1917. $4,000 to $6,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2: Vintage Posters</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> <i>Danté / Sim • Sala • Bim!</i>, designer unknown. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Alphonse Mucha, <i>[Zodiac]</i>, 1900. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Rick Griffin, <i>Jimi Hendrix Experience / John Mayall</i>, 1968. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2: Vintage Posters</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Abram Games, <i>Join the ATS</i>, 1941. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Aldo Mazza, <i>Torino / Esposizione Internazionale</i>, 1911. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Robert Motherwell, <i>Julliard School / Dedication - Lincoln Center</i>, 1969. $3,000 to $4,000
  • <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Newton. <i>Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica</i>. London, 1687.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Josephus. <i>De antiquitate Judaica.</i> Lubeck, 1475-76.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Carlerius. <i>Sporta fragmentorum, Sportula fragmentorum</i>. Brussels, 1478-79.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Fridolin. <i>Der Schatzbehalter</i>. Nuremberg, 1491.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Pinder. <i>Der beschlossen gart des rosenkrantz marie</i>. Nuremberg, 1505.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Isidorus Hispalensis. <i>Synonyma de Homine</i>. Nuremberg, 1470-71.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Durer. Sammelband including <i>Underweysung der messing</i>. Nuremberg, 1525-29.
  • <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>