WYCLIFFITE NEW TESTAMENT IN THE LATER VERSION,

Lot Number 9
Author
Title

WYCLIFFITE NEW TESTAMENT IN THE LATER VERSION,

Year Published 1ST HALF OF THE 15TH CENTURY
Place Printed IN MIDDLE ENGLISH ENGLAND
Printed By
Description WYCLIFFITE NEW TESTAMENT IN THE LATER VERSION, IN MIDDLE ENGLISH [ENGLAND, 1ST HALF OF THE 15TH CENTURY]

John Wycliffe

Vellum (ca. 8 x 5 7/10 in.; 205 x 145 mm), i+154+I leaves, wanting first leaf of Table, ending imperfectly in Hebrews 13:13, bound in 19 quires of eight except i12-1 (wanting i) and iii8-1 (one leaf cancelled by the scribe, without loss of text), catchwords, 2 columns, 35-36 lines (155x50-5-50mm), PUZZLE INITIALS EXTENDING INTO PARTIAL BORDERS AT THE BEGINNING OF EACH BOOK, FLOURISHED AT THE BEGINNING OF EACH PROLOGUE, some marginal corrections in a contemporary hand, a few later inscriptions (e.g. ff.20r, 42r, 96v, 126r), vellum a little dirty, extending flourishing slightly cropped at extremities, last leaves with minor water damage in upper margin not affecting the text, last leaf rubbed and darkened, bound in modern white pigskin.
Comments The text is of the "Later Version" of the Wycliffite text, associated with John Purvey and his collaborators: the so-called Early Version, made in the orbit of Wycliffe himself, was too literal a translation of the Latin to be easy to understand, prompting Purvey to undertake a revision in more accessible language. The present copy starts with a Table of the Lessons, Gospels and Epistles throughout the year, followed by the Gospels and other New Testament books, all preceded by prologues: Matthew (f.12r), Mark (f.38r), Luke (f.53r), John (f.78v), Romans (f.98r), 1 Corinthians (f.108v), 2 Corinthians (f.118v), Galatians (f.125r), Ephesians (f.128v), Philippians (f.132v), Colossians (f.135r), 1 Thessalonians (f.137r), 2 Thessalonians (f.139v), 1 Timothy (f.140v), 2 Timothy (f.143v), Titus (f.145v), Philemon (f.146v), Hebrews (f.147r), ending at 13:13. For an accessible account of the Wycliffite Bible and its importance, see C. de Hamel, The Book: A History of the Bible, 2001, chapter 7 ("Even now, Wycliffite bibles enjoy an extraordinary status. Over hundreds of years they have acquired a charisma and aura of sanctity, bordering on relic-veneration, which is unique among Bible manuscripts of the Middle Ages.") The most recent comprehensive list of manuscripts and fragments (updating C. Lindberg, "The Manuscripts and Versions of the Wycliffite Bible: A Preliminary Survey," Studia Neophilologica, XLII 1970, pp.333-47) is M. Dove, The First English Bible, 2007, pp. 281–306, the present manuscript on p. 285. Of the manuscripts recorded there as being in privately owned, many have since passed into institutional collections (e.g. two Scheide MSS, now owned by Princeton; three Takamiya MSS, now owned by Yale; two British & Foreign Bible Society MSS, now owned by Cambridge University); a few are in old English collections and would require report licences if they were ever to leave the country. Copies of Wycliffite texts rarely appear at auction: most recently a New Testament was at Christie’s 30 April 2008, lot 166, and a fragment of a single leaf of an Old Testament was sold in our London rooms, 8 July 2014, lot 2, for £47,500.

Possession of a Wycliffite Bible in the 15th century could lead to accusations of heresy, and imprisonment, so they very rarely have early marks of ownership. A semi-legible early 16th(?)-century inscription begins with the name "Tomas Awke(?)" (below Matthew 10), another reads "Elyzabeth Cornwayll" (below Hebrews 2) — Alexander Peckover (1830-1919), Lord Peckover of Wisbech, Quaker, banker, philanthropist, and collector of medieval manuscripts; his collection sold in our London rooms as "From the Celebrated Collection of the late Lord Peckover of Wisbech [sold by order of his granddaughter-in-law, Mrs. A.P.D. Penrose]," 3 December 1951, lot 18, sold for £270 to "Cherry Garrard," doubtless: — Apsley Cherry-Garrard (1886–1959), Antarctic explorer and book-collector, but apparently not in his posthumous sale in our London rooms, 5 June 1961, and not identifiable in the Schoenberg database. — acquisition: Apparently acquired from Bernard Quaritch 
References Formatting the Word of God 7.1; M. Dove, The First English Bible, 2007, pp. 281–306, esp.p. 285
Provenance
Estimated Price USD 500,000.00 - 800,000.00
Actual Price USD 1,692,500.00

Search

AUCTION DETAILS

Auction House Sothebys
Website http://www.sothebys.com/
Auction Name The Bible Collection of Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie
Sale Number #n09539
Auction Date December 5, 2016 - December 5, 2016
Sale Name The Bible Collection of Dr. Charles Caldwell Ryrie
Total Lots 196
Description of Sale

Post Sale Description

Book Images
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2: Vintage Posters</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> <i>Keep Calm and Carry On</i>, designer unknown, 1939. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Théophile-Alexandre Steinlen, <i>Le Journal / La Traite des Blanches</i>, 1899. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> <i>"Let Us Go Forward Together,"</i> designer unknown, 1940. $2,000 to $3,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2: Vintage Posters</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, <i>Babylone d'Allemagne</i>, 1894. $20,000 to $30,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Frank Beatty, <i>Out of the Running</i>, 1929. $2,000 to $3,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> James Montgomery Flagg, <i>Wake Up America Day</i>, 1917. $4,000 to $6,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2: Vintage Posters</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> <i>Danté / Sim • Sala • Bim!</i>, designer unknown. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Alphonse Mucha, <i>[Zodiac]</i>, 1900. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Rick Griffin, <i>Jimi Hendrix Experience / John Mayall</i>, 1968. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2: Vintage Posters</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Abram Games, <i>Join the ATS</i>, 1941. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Aldo Mazza, <i>Torino / Esposizione Internazionale</i>, 1911. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Robert Motherwell, <i>Julliard School / Dedication - Lincoln Center</i>, 1969. $3,000 to $4,000
  • <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Newton. <i>Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica</i>. London, 1687.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Josephus. <i>De antiquitate Judaica.</i> Lubeck, 1475-76.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Carlerius. <i>Sporta fragmentorum, Sportula fragmentorum</i>. Brussels, 1478-79.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Fridolin. <i>Der Schatzbehalter</i>. Nuremberg, 1491.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Pinder. <i>Der beschlossen gart des rosenkrantz marie</i>. Nuremberg, 1505.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Isidorus Hispalensis. <i>Synonyma de Homine</i>. Nuremberg, 1470-71.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Durer. Sammelband including <i>Underweysung der messing</i>. Nuremberg, 1525-29.
  • <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
  • <b>19th Century Shop’s Catalog 170 Great Books and Photos. Please inquire for a copy.</b>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Exodus 10:10 to 16:15. Complete Biblical scroll sheet in Hebrew, a Torah scroll panel. Middle East, ca. 10th or 11th century.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Copernicus Refuted. (Astronomy.). Scientific manuscript of a course of studies at Collège de la Trinité, Lyon. 1660s.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Israel’s War of Independence and the Early Days of the IDF. 58 photographs presented to Israel Ber, IDF officer and later convicted spy.
    <b>19th Century Shop’s Catalog 170 Great Books and Photos. Please inquire for a copy.</b>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Early Unpublished Darwin letter on the races of man. Autograph Letter Signed [to Henry Denny]. Down, Kent, June 1, [1844].
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Classic Image of American Slavery. Kimball, M. H. <i>Emancipated Slaves</i>. New York: George Hanks, 1863.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> (Underground Railroad.) Scaggs, Isaac. Important Runaway Slave Poster: $500 Reward Ran away, or decoyed from the subscriber…