• <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27: Printed & Manuscript Americana</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27:</b> Hernán Cortés, letter ordering his assistant to offer hospitality to a visiting bishop, Mexico, 1538. $50,000 to $75,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27:</b> The Book of Mormon, first edition, Palmyra, NY, 1830. $40,000 to $60,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27:</b> Esther Levy, <i>Jewish Cookery Book</i>, first edition, Philadelphia, 1871. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27: Printed & Manuscript Americana</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27:</b> Election circular for the New York Constitutional Convention, June 1776. $15,000 to $25,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27:</b> Theodore de Bry, <i>Admiranda Narratio Fida Tamen</i>, second Latin edition, Frankfort, circa 1608. $25,000 to $35,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27:</b> Campaign broadside in support of Andrew Jackson's re-election, 1832. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27: Printed & Manuscript Americana</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27:</b> Johann Moritz Rugendas, <i>Malerische Reise in Brasilien</i>, first edition, with 100 lithographed plates, Paris, 1827-35. $15,000 to $25,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27:</b> Eusebio Kino, signed Jesuit profession of faith, San Bruno Mission, California, 1684. $20,000 to $30,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27:</b> Fraktur manuscript birth certificate, ink & watercolor, Pennsylvania, 1801. $1,500 to $2,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27: Printed & Manuscript Americana</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27:</b> Joaquin Bolaños, <i>La Portentosa Vida de la Muerte</i>, Mexico, 1792. $1,500 to $2,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27:</b> <i>The Cherokee Messenger</i>, complete set, Oklahoma, 1844-46. $5,000 to $7,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27:</b> William J. Stone, engraving of the Declaration of Independence, Washington, circa 1833. $12,000 to $18,000.
  • <b>Seth Kaller:</b> “America the Beautiful”
    <b>Seth Kaller:</b> George Washington, Tongue-in-Cheek, Writes James McHenry About His Wife or Mistress—But Funding the Continental Army is the Real Topic
    <b>Seth Kaller:</b> Young’s Map of the United States
    <b>Seth Kaller:</b> President Lincoln & His Most Profitable Client, the Illinois Central Railroad
    <b>Seth Kaller:</b> Lincoln Thanks Former Pro-Slavery and Newly Republican Congressman for a Fiery Anti-Slavery Speech at a Philadelphia Campaign Rally
    <b>Seth Kaller:</b> “A Visit From St. Nicholas” - great association copy inscribed by Clement C. Moore
    <b>Seth Kaller:</b> Einstein Agrees to Allow “a Short Book on the Hydrogen Bomb” to Use His Statement Made on Eleanor Roosevelt’s TV Show
    <b>Seth Kaller:</b> The Building Blocks of Albert Einstein’s Creative Mind
    <b>Seth Kaller:</b> A Unique Manuscript Map of Block Island Sound Including Fisher’s and Gardiner’s Islands, the Hamptons, and Montauk Point
    <b>Seth Kaller:</b> J.R.R. Tolkien Writes his Proofreader with a Lengthy Discussion of the Lord of the Rings, Including Criticism of Radio Broadcasts of his Work
    <b>Seth Kaller:</b> Six Benjamin Franklin Signed Receipts – Including his Earliest Obtainable Autograph — Acknowledging a Donation to the Famous Library Company He Founded, and Five Payments for His Pennsylvania Gazette
    <b>Seth Kaller:</b> Sherman Dishes on Lincoln & Thomas, Meade, Sheridan, Halleck & Grant
  • <b>Now in press: 19th Century Shop’s Catalog 170 Great Books and Photos. Please inquire for a copy.</b>
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> <i>The First American Magna Carta. English Liberties.</i> Boston, 1721.
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> Babbage presentation to Peel, the man who killed the Difference Engine 1832
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> The Stamp Act. 1765
    <b>Now in press: 19th Century Shop’s Catalog 170 Great Books and Photos. Please inquire for a copy.</b>
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> Central Park Photographs by Prevost 1862
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> Salem Witch Trials. Wonders of the Invisible World 1693
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> Mammoth print of Millie-Christine, "The Carolina Twins" c. 1868
  • <b>Doyle, Apr. 26:</b> THE PAPERS OF BREVET MAJOR GENERAL JOHN GROSS BARNARD (1815-1882), Chief Engineer of the Army of the Potomac. Estimate: $75,000-100,000
    <b>Doyle, Apr. 26:</b> ALVIN LANGDON COBURN. London. With 20 photogravures by Coburn and text by Hilaire Belloc, London and New York: 1909. First edition. Est: $4,000-6,000
    <b>Doyle, Apr. 26:</b> WILLIAM FADEN, A Plan of New York Island, with part of Long Island, Staten Island & East New Jersey. London: 1776. Estimate: $5,000-8,000
    <b>Doyle, Apr. 26:</b> MAX BEERBOHM, Lord Curzon delivering an oration. Original drawing with collage. London, 1912. Est: $2,000-3,000
    <b>Doyle, Apr. 26:</b> AMERICAN REVOLUTION, Recueil des Loix Constitutives des Colonies Angloises. A Philadelphie, et se vend a Paris: Cellot & Jombert, 1778. First collected edition in French. Estimate: $500-800
    <b>Doyle, Apr. 26:</b> WILLIAM TECUMSEH SHERMAN, Confederate General Joseph Johnston's copy of Sherman's General Orders No. 65 announcing the final agreement of Surrender, 27 April 1865. Est: $4,000-6,000
    <b>Doyle, Apr. 26:</b> JOHN KEATS, Lamia, Isabella, the Eve of Saint Agnes and Other Poems. London: Taylor and Hessey, 1820. First edition of Keats’s third book.. Estimate: $5,000-7,000
    <b>Doyle, Apr. 26:</b> M. T. Cicero's Cato Major, or his discourse of Old-age: With Explanatory Notes. Philadelphia: Benjamin Franklin, 1744. Est: $5,000-8,000
    <b>Doyle, Apr. 26:</b> WINSTON S CHURCHILL, History of the English Speaking Peoples. London: Cassell, 1956-58. First editions. Est: $1,500-2,500

The Present State of the British Colonies in America, also known as The Hillsborough Colonial Returns.

Lot Number 124
Author
Title

The Present State of the British Colonies in America, also known as The Hillsborough Colonial Returns.

Year Published circa 1773-75
Place Printed
Printed By
Description [COLONIAL AMERICA - MANUSCRIPT]

The Present State of the British Colonies in America, also known as The Hillsborough Colonial Returns. A circa 1773-75 manuscript of approximately 500 pp., being a fair copy in the hands of various clerks of responses to a circular letter sent by Lord Dartmouth to the governors of British colonies in America on 5 July 1773. The current manuscript contains the "returns" addressed to the "Heads of Enquiry" for twenty-two colonies in North America (Massachusetts-Bay, New Hampshire with a decorative copy of a cover letter by Governor John Wentworth, Connecticut, New York with a decorative copy of a cover letter by Governor William Tryon, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Georgia, and West Florida); the Caribbean (Jamaica, Barbados, the Leeward Islands & Virgin Islands, Grenada, Curacao, Tobago, Dominica, St. Vincent, Bermuda, and Bahamas); and Canada (Nova Scotia, St. John-now Prince Edward Island). Contemporary vellum, the covers with a tooled border in gilt, the spine with gilt rules and a contemporary green morocco label reading "Present State of the British Colonies in America." 14 5/8 x 9 1/2 inches (37.5 x 24.5 cm). Many leaves watermarked, including a "Strasburg fleur-de-lis over the characters VDL," "VL" and others, these likely the Dutch firm Van der Ley. Contains several charts, several hand-ruled in red; a note in a contemporary hand on the front blank reports there were no returns from Quebec, Rhode Island, North & South Carolina, East Florida, and that of West Florida is incomplete. Most leaves with three vertical folds (once folded into quarters), some dust soiling in the Jamaica section suggesting other circulation, minor soiling and wear to the binding, internally quite clean, an extremely well preserved compilation of documents.

Provenance: Wills Hill (1718-93), the Earl of Hillsborough and 1st Marquess of Downshire, First Lord of Trade (1763-72) and Secretary of State to the Colonies (1768-72); offered as part the Trumbull Papers (Sotheby's London, 14 December 1989) and sold by private treaty; shortly thereafter acquired by the current consignor.

THERE IS LIKELY NO GREATER MANUSCRIPT IN PRIVATE OWNERSHIP PROVIDING AS DETAILED AN ACCOUNT OF THE ENGLISH COLONIAL GOVERNORS PERSPECTIVE OF THEIR COLONIES ON THE EVE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. The circular issued by Lord Dartmouth to the governors took the form of a questionnaire of about twenty inquiries pertaining to the history, geography and population of each colony with a particular focus on navigable rivers, sources of revenue, illegal trade, relations with Indians, quantities of slaves, the extent of militias, and each colonies individual form of government, charter, and constitution. The result is a highly readable (in terms of being both legibly written and entertaining) journey through the history, present state, and cultural attitudes of these colonial entities as they saw themselves around 1775. For instance, in Governor Tryon's return for New York (at nearly 50 pages) there are fine descriptions of the Hudson River, border disputes with neighboring colonies, a history of the English takeover from the Dutch, and insight to the English perspective on the rights of Indians to sell their own land: "Purchases from the Indian Natives, as of their aboriginal right, have never been held to be a legal title in this Province, the maxim obtaining here as in England that the King is the fountain of all real property, and that from this source all titles are to be derived." The New York return also contains a copy of the 1726 document Surrender by the Five Nations of their Beaver hunting Country replete with the copied marks of the representatives of the Five Nations (pictured here).

Given the presence of the English, French, Spanish, and Native Americans in America in the mid-18th century, it is no surprise that a large scale conflict had already erupted on the territorial fringes of the North American colonies, and in the Hillsborough Colonial Returns there is much contemporary account of lands gained, shifted borders, and civil issues resulting from the recently terminated French and Indian War. For instance, New Jersey Governor William Franklin (son of Benjamin), comments on this western expansion: "The inhabitants I suppose to have increased upwards of 20,000 in the last ten years, though a great number have quitted the Colony and have migrated to Virginia, North Carolina, the Ohio, Mississippi, etc. The principal reason of their increase is there being plenty of land to be had, at a moderate price, by which they can easily procure a subsistence for a family, and consequently are encouraged to marry early in life."

Also surprisingly, and soon to be to the advantage of the Americans, most colonies report the disappearance of defensive forts and standing militias, as in Pennsylvania: "Since the conclusion of the last war no forts or places of defense have been kept up within the Government, but there is at present a stone fortification in an island in the River Delaware, called Mud Island, about 10 miles below the city of Philadelphia, intended for the security & protection of the city ... But this fort is left unfinished for want of a sufficient fund." This fort became Fort Mifflin and was completed and possessed by the Americans in 1776. To Dartmouth, the American colonists likely seemed a peaceable and easily conquered people without any home-grown military strength.

LORD DARTMOUTH, PREOCCUPIED WITH EARNING POTENTIAL, POPULATION AND GEOGRAPHICAL DETAILS PAYS LITTLE ATTENTION TO THE LIVED EXPERIENCE OF THE COLONISTS - A COSTLY IGNORANCE. As the manuscript returns to his circular were beginning to arrive in late 1773, Dartmouth would learn of the Boston Tea Party, a monumental event in terms of the agitation of Americans over economic issues. Dartmouth usually sought conciliatory actions with the colonies but by 1774 he endorsed the Coercive Acts to suppress the rebellion and, unable to support all-out war against the colonies, Dartmouth resigned his post by the end of 1775. Lord Hillsborough had preceded Dartmouth in his role as First Lord of Trade and remained a close advisor. Given his ties to the administration, it is likely that this copy was executed for his advice and future use, and it is conceivable that Hillsborough was considered one of the "Heads of Enquiry" to whom the returns are addressed. The manuscript was found amongst the state papers held for generations by each succeeding Marquess of Downshire at their Easthampstead estate until the papers were dispersed in 1989 in a major auction in London. Compiled and bound as such, this manuscript is surely one of very few official copies of these returns produced (we locate one other copy, that made for Henry Strachey and now in the Clements Library). A compilation of colonial manuscripts of this nature prepared for government use is rare in commerce, particularly with distinguished provenance and in such a well preserved state. Clearly worthy of institutional research, the description here barely touches the complete contents of this massive work.

Please see Doyle.com for additional images and an expanded essay on this manuscript, including its content regarding slavery and descriptions of Georgia, West Florida, and more.

See Illustration
Comments C
References
Provenance
Estimated Price USD 100,000.00 - 150,000.00
Actual Price USD 394,000.00

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AUCTION DETAILS

Auction House Doyle New York
Website http://www.doylenewyork.com
Auction Name Rare Books, Autographs and Photographs
Sale Number #16BP02
Auction Date November 22, 2016 - November 22, 2016
Sale Name Rare Books, Autographs and Photographs
Total Lots 602
Description of Sale

Post Sale Description

Book Images
  • <b>Forum Auctions: Fine Books and Works on Paper. March 30, 2017</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions Mar. 30:</b> Potter (Beatrix). The Tale of Peter Rabbit, first edition, first issue, [1901]. Part of an extensive, private Beatrix Potter collection. £15,000 - 20,000
    <b>Forum Auctions Mar. 30:</b> Dodgson (Charles Lutwidge). The Hunting of the Snark, first edition, with original printed dust-jacket, 1876.<br>£7,000 - 9,000
    <b>Forum Auctions Mar. 30:</b> Buckland Wright (John). Pervigilium Veneris: The Vigil of Venus, number 1 of 100 copies (Christopher Sandford's copy), Golden Cockerel Press, 1939.<br>£2,000 - 3,000
    <b>Forum Auctions: Fine Books and Works on Paper. March 30, 2017</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions Mar. 30:</b> Kelmscott Press. Keats (John). The Poems, one of 300, orig. vellum, 8vo, Kelmscott Press, 1894. £1,800 - 2,200
    <b>Forum Auctions Mar. 30:</b> Greenhill (Elizabeth).- Morison (Stanley) and Kenneth Day. The Typographic Book, 1450-1935, bound in dark green goatskin by Elizabeth Greenhill, 1963. £6,000 - 8,000
    <b>Forum Auctions Mar. 30:</b> Fitzgerald (F. Scott). The Great Gatsby, first edition, first state dust-jacket, New York, 1925. £25,000 - 35,000
    <b>Forum Auctions: Fine Books and Works on Paper. March 30, 2017</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions Mar. 30:</b> Dionysius, <i>Halicarnassensis</i>. Antiquitates Romanae, Editio princeps, Treviso, Bernardinus Celerius, 24 or 25 February, 1480. £4,000 - 6,000
    <b>Forum Auctions Mar. 30:</b> Canon Law. [Laurentius Puldericus. Breviarum decreti], manuscript in Latin, on paper, [?Germany], [c. 1450].<br>£5,000 - 7,000
    <b>Forum Auctions Mar. 30:</b> Swimming. Percey (William) The Compleat Swimmer: or, the Art of Swimming, first and only edition, by J.C. for Henry Fletcher, 1658. £5,000 - 7,000
    <b>Forum Auctions: Fine Books and Works on Paper. March 30, 2017</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions Mar. 30:</b> Binding with silverwork by Anthony Nelme. The Holy Bible, containing the Old Testament and the New: : newly translated out of the original tongues, Oxford, John Baskett, 1716. £10,000 - 15,000
    <b>Forum Auctions Mar. 30:</b> George IV's copy. Nash (John, architect). The Royal Pavilion at Brighton, one of 10 copies, 1826. £8,000 - 10,000
    <b>Forum Auctions Mar. 30:</b> Blake (William, 1757-1827). "With Dreams upon my bed thou scarest me & affrightest me with Visions", 1825. £700 - 1,000
  • <b>Auction Pierre Bergé & associés in association with Sotheby’s: Important Books and Manuscripts from the Library of Jean A. Bonna from the 15th to the 20th Century. Sale on April 26, 2017. Exhibition in London March 28-30</b>
    <b>Pierre Bergé & Associés, Apr. 26:</b> Galileo, <i>Discorsi e Dimostrazioni matematiche.</i> Leyde, Elzevier, 1638. Original edition: only known copy of the first state. €700,000 – 900,000
    <b>Pierre Bergé & Associés, Apr. 26:</b> Fables illustrated by Benjamin Rabier. Paris, Tallandier, without date [ca. 1910]. Superb binding doubled in vellum decorated with painted and mosaic decors by André Mare illustrating four fables. €10,000 – 15,000
    <b>Pierre Bergé & Associés, Apr. 26:</b> Gustave Flaubert, draft for the preface of the <i>Memoir for the defense of Madame Bovary</i>, 15-30 January 1857. Exceptiona signed autograph manuscript. €40,000 – 60,000
    <b>Auction Pierre Bergé & associés in association with Sotheby’s: Important Books and Manuscripts from the Library of Jean A. Bonna from the 15th to the 20th Century. Sale on April 26, 2017. Exhibition in London March 28-30</b>
    <b>Pierre Bergé & Associés, Apr. 26:</b> Boccace, <i>The Book of Praise and the Virtue of the Noble and Cleric Ladies.</i> Verard, 1493. First edition of the French version attributed to Laurent de Premierfait. €40,000 – 60,000
    <b>Pierre Bergé & Associés, Apr. 26:</b> Exceptional set of 15 original bindings by Jean de Gonet, on rare editions illustrated by Picasso, Matisse, Miro or original editions of Bataille or Radiguet.
  • <b>Bonhams, March 9. Fine Books and Manuscripts, Including the Kennedy Years</b>
    <b>Bonhams Mar. 9:</b> BROWNING, ELIZABETH BARRETT. Autograph Manuscript Initialed ("E.B.B."), being the working notebook for the poems contained in <i>The Seraphim and Other Poems</i>. $400,000 to 600,000
    <b>Bonhams Mar. 9:</b> WILDE, OSCAR. Two leaves, pp 31-34, from the first appearance of <i>The Picture of Dorian Gray in Lippincott's Monthly Magazine for July, 1890</i>, with Wilde's autograph revisions. $40,000 to 60,000
    <b>Bonhams Mar. 9:</b> SHAKESPEARE, WILLIAM. <i>Comedies, Histories and Tragedies; Published according to the true Originall Copies. Second Impression. [THE SECOND FOLIO.]</i> $200,000 to 300,000
    <b>Bonhams, March 9. Fine Books and Manuscripts, Including the Kennedy Years</b>
    <b>Bonhams Mar. 9:</b> KENNEDY, JOHN FITZGERALD. Photograph Signed ("John F. Kennedy") and Inscribed, 8 x 10 inch gelatin silver print, of Senator Kennedy and Miss Barelli, at the swearing of the secretarial oath for Miss Barelli. $1,200 to 1,800
    <b>Bonhams Mar. 9:</b> COOPER, JAMES FENIMORE. Autograph Manuscript, being Chapter XXVII of <i>Afloat and Ashore</i>. $15,000 to 20,000
    <b>Bonhams Mar. 9:</b> IRVING, WASHINGTON. Autograph Manuscript, being Chapter 20 from Volume IV of <i>The Life of George Washington</i>. $20,000 to 30,000
    <b>Bonhams, March 9. Fine Books and Manuscripts, Including the Kennedy Years</b>
    <b>Bonhams Mar. 9:</b> VERNE, JULES. Autograph Manuscript Signed ("Jules Verne"), being the complete short story "<i>Une fantaisie de docteur Ox</i>". $100,000 to 150,000
    <b>Bonhams Mar. 9:</b> ALCHEMY. <i>[The Crowning of Nature, or Coronatio Naturae.]</i> Original alchemical manuscript on paper, ruled in red, with watermark of the arms of Schieland. $100,000 to 150,000
    <b>Bonhams Mar. 9:</b> DE JODE, CORNELUS. 1568 - 1600. <i>Quivirae Regnu, Cum Alija Versus Borea</i>. [Antwerp: Arnoldum Coninx, 1593]. $7,000 to 10,000
    <b>Bonhams, March 9. Fine Books and Manuscripts, Including the Kennedy Years</b>
    <b>Bonhams Mar. 9:</b> HOOKER, JOSEPH DALTON. <i>The Rhododendrons of Sikkim-Himalaya; Being an Account, Botanical and Geographical, of the Rhododendrons Recently Discovered in the Mountains of Eastern Himalaya</i>… $7,000 to 10,000
    <b>Bonhams Mar. 9:</b> CATLIN, GEORGE. <i>North American Indian Portfolio. Hunting scenes and amusements of the Rocky Mountains and prairies of America. From drawings and notes of the author, made during eight years' travel.</i> $20,000 to 30,000
    <b>Bonhams Mar. 9:</b> LINCOLN, ABRAHAM. HESLER, ALEXANDER. Platinum print, 8 3/4 x 6 3/4 in, of a beardless Lincoln, 1860.<br>$2,000 to 3,000