3 Manuscript Maps delignating the Land of Lord Thomas sixth Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1693-1781)

Lot Number 103
Author Benjamin Winslow.
Title

3 Manuscript Maps delignating the Land of Lord Thomas sixth Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1693-1781)

Year Published 1737
Place Printed
Printed By
Description A Plan of the Upper Part of Potomack River called Cohongorooto, survey’d in the Year 1736. Benjamin Winslow. Titled and signed “Benj. Winslow” lower right-hand corner.
Pen and ink and ink wash. 18 1/2 x 45 inche sheet, 28 x 55 inches framed. A fine manuscript map of the Potomac River as it runs through Westmoreland County in Virginia. [1737].
James Thomas, (1666- 1742)
Pen and ink and ink wash.
24 1/4 x 15 3/4 inches sheet, 33 x 25 inches framed. A Plan of Potomack River, from the Mouth of Sherrendo, down to Chapawamsick, surveyed in the year 1737
Robert Brooke. Titled and signed “Ro. Brooke” lower right-hand corner. Pen and ink
25 1/2 x 18 inches sheet, 35 x 27 inches framed. THE FIRST ACCURATE AND DETAILED SURVEY OF THE POTOMAC RIVER
which ILLUSTRATES FOR THE FIRST TIME THE ACCURATE POSITION
OF THE HEAD-WATERS OF THE POTOMAC TO DETERMINE BOUNDS
TO SIR THOMAS FAIRFAX’S CLAIM

Three unique original manuscript maps, rich in detail and accuracy, are all that survives of the original surveyor’s charts which became the source material for the larger manuscript maps composed by John Warner and William Mayo to establish the bounds of Sir Thomas Fairfax’s claim to the Northern Neck area of the Potomac River in Virginia. These maps were subsequently published as the celebrated “Fairfax” map of Virginia: The Courses of the Rivers Rappahannock and Potowmack in Virginia, as surveyed according to order in the years 1736 & 1737 (London: ca 1737), and Map of the Northern Neck in Virginia by William Mayo (London 1745).

Thomas Culpeper (1635 - 1689), colonial governor of Virginia and second Lord Culpeper was given a share in the proprietorship of the Northern Neck of Virginia, consisting of more than five million acres, under a patent issued in 1649 and reconfirmed in 1669. Through dereliction of his duties as Governor, King Charles II forced Culpeper to sell to the Crown all his proprietary rights in Virginia, except for the Northern Neck lands, in return for a lump sum payment of £700 and an annual pension of £600 for twenty-one years. However the patent for this remaining property was ambiguous: “all that intire tract... bounded by and within the first Heads or Springs of the Rivers... Rappahannock, &... Potomack & by the Courses of the said Rivers from their said first Heads or Springs ... and the Bay of Chesapeyock...”. Unfortunately the uncertainty of the exact whereabouts of the first heads of each river, ultimately lead to a boundary dispute when at the insistence of Governor Alexander Spotswood of Virginia, settlement of the southern Piedmont began.

Thomas Fairfax, sixth Lord Fairfax of Cameron (1693–1781) had inherited the Northern Neck estates from his mother Catherine Culpeper in 1719, but had never lived there. On several occasions, the Virginia Assembly questioned both the legality of the grant and the precise boundaries it encompassed. The primary issue was the actual location of the headwaters of the rivers.

Threatened with a further reduction in his land, Thomas Fairfax eventually arrived in Virginia in 1735, and immediately petitioned the King for a joint commission to survey and fix the boundaries of his enormous estate. The local Governor Sir William Gooch, appointed representatives for the Crown. As a result two surveys were instigated from different directions to the previously unknown source of the Potomac River. Both parties met at Fredericksburg on September 25 in 1736 and it was decided that the surveyors for the crown should be William Mayo and Robert Brooke, and for Fairfax Benjamin Winslow and John Savage.

While the victory at the time was Fairfax’s claims being given full recognition by the crown, the most important product of these efforts were the most important early maps of this area in American History. From these preliminary charts, pivotal maps such as A Map of Pensilvania, New-Jersey, New York, and the three Delaware Countries (1749) by Lewis Evans, Joshua Fry and Peter Jefferson’s A Map of the inhabited part of Virginia.. (1751). For a complete description of these maps, or more information about any items in this catalog, please contact our auction department at auctions@aradernyc.com
Comments
References
Provenance
Estimated Price USD 800,000.00 - 1,000,000.00
Actual Price USD 793,000.00

Search

AUCTION DETAILS

Auction House Arader Galleries
Website http://www.aradergalleries.com/
Auction Name Natural History Works on Paper, Historic Maps, Rare Books and Audubon's Birds of America and Quadrupeds
Sale Number #91716
Auction Date September 17, 2016 - September 17, 2016
Sale Name Natural History Works on Paper, Historic Maps, Rare Books and Audubon's Birds of America and Quadrupeds
Total Lots 227
Description of Sale

Post Sale Description

Book Images
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2: Vintage Posters</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> <i>Keep Calm and Carry On</i>, designer unknown, 1939. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Théophile-Alexandre Steinlen, <i>Le Journal / La Traite des Blanches</i>, 1899. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> <i>"Let Us Go Forward Together,"</i> designer unknown, 1940. $2,000 to $3,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2: Vintage Posters</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, <i>Babylone d'Allemagne</i>, 1894. $20,000 to $30,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Frank Beatty, <i>Out of the Running</i>, 1929. $2,000 to $3,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> James Montgomery Flagg, <i>Wake Up America Day</i>, 1917. $4,000 to $6,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2: Vintage Posters</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> <i>Danté / Sim • Sala • Bim!</i>, designer unknown. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Alphonse Mucha, <i>[Zodiac]</i>, 1900. $12,000 to $18,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Rick Griffin, <i>Jimi Hendrix Experience / John Mayall</i>, 1968. $8,000 to $12,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2: Vintage Posters</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Abram Games, <i>Join the ATS</i>, 1941. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Aldo Mazza, <i>Torino / Esposizione Internazionale</i>, 1911. $3,000 to $4,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Aug 2:</b> Robert Motherwell, <i>Julliard School / Dedication - Lincoln Center</i>, 1969. $3,000 to $4,000
  • <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Newton. <i>Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica</i>. London, 1687.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Josephus. <i>De antiquitate Judaica.</i> Lubeck, 1475-76.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Carlerius. <i>Sporta fragmentorum, Sportula fragmentorum</i>. Brussels, 1478-79.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Fridolin. <i>Der Schatzbehalter</i>. Nuremberg, 1491.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Pinder. <i>Der beschlossen gart des rosenkrantz marie</i>. Nuremberg, 1505.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Isidorus Hispalensis. <i>Synonyma de Homine</i>. Nuremberg, 1470-71.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Durer. Sammelband including <i>Underweysung der messing</i>. Nuremberg, 1525-29.
  • <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
    <b>TO AKABA! T.E. Lawrence and the Arab Revolt. Books, manuscripts and pictures. On exhibition 16 to 24th July at Maggs' new premises 48 Bedford Square.</b>
  • <b>19th Century Shop’s Catalog 170 Great Books and Photos. Please inquire for a copy.</b>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Exodus 10:10 to 16:15. Complete Biblical scroll sheet in Hebrew, a Torah scroll panel. Middle East, ca. 10th or 11th century.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Copernicus Refuted. (Astronomy.). Scientific manuscript of a course of studies at Collège de la Trinité, Lyon. 1660s.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Israel’s War of Independence and the Early Days of the IDF. 58 photographs presented to Israel Ber, IDF officer and later convicted spy.
    <b>19th Century Shop’s Catalog 170 Great Books and Photos. Please inquire for a copy.</b>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Early Unpublished Darwin letter on the races of man. Autograph Letter Signed [to Henry Denny]. Down, Kent, June 1, [1844].
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Classic Image of American Slavery. Kimball, M. H. <i>Emancipated Slaves</i>. New York: George Hanks, 1863.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> (Underground Railroad.) Scaggs, Isaac. Important Runaway Slave Poster: $500 Reward Ran away, or decoyed from the subscriber…