• <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July 8: Rare Books & Manuscripts</b>
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Walter Gibson's Complete Run of The Shadow. 48 bound volumes, 1931-44. $8,000-12,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Frederic Shoberl, The World in Miniature: Hindoostan. 6 volumes. $2,000-4,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> A Rare Copy of the Earliest Chicago Newspaper to Report on the Great Fire of 1871. $6,000-8,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July 8: Rare Books & Manuscripts</b>
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Broadside Proclamation by Mayor Roswell B. Mason for the Preservation of Good Order Following the Great Fire of 1871. Chicago. $4,000-6,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Peter Force Engraving of the Declaration of Independence. One page. Scarce and highly collectable. $15,000-20,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> John Quincy Adams. The Jubilee of the Constitution. A Discourse. First edition. Inscribed. 1839. $3,000-5,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July 8: Rare Books & Manuscripts</b>
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Cuban Revolution: Expedicion y Desembarco del “Granma.” Havana, ca. 1959. With portraits of the Castro brothers & Che Guevara. $150-250
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Osuna Ramos. A group of 28 photographs of the Mexican Revolution & aftermath in Mexico City, 1910-1920. 4½ x 6”. $400-600
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Charles Bukowski. Hot Water Music. First edition with original signed painting. 1983. $2,000-4,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July 8: Rare Books & Manuscripts</b>
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Alan Ginsberg. Five Page Autographed Letter. Signed. February 10, 1971. $3,000-5,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Andy Warhol’s Children’s Book. Featuring 12 color illustrations. Signed 5 times. 1983. $5,000-7,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Albrecht Durer. The Martyrdom Saint John the Evangelist. Woodcut, 1511 edition. $1,000-2,000
  • <b>Bonhams London: Fine Books, Atlases, Manuscripts and Photographs. June 14, 2017</b>
    <b>Bonhams Jun 14:</b> Ireland - Patrick Pearse & The Easter Rising. The Order of Surrender, typed and signed (“P. H. Pearse”) and dated, 1916. £80,000 to £120,000
    <b>Bonhams Jun 14:</b> Portolan chart of the Mediterranean, centered on Sicily. Manuscript on vellum, 1637. £40,000 to £60,000
    <b>Bonhams Jun 14:</b> Goya Y Lucientes (Francisco José de). [Tauromaquia] <i> De las diferentes suertes y actitudes del arte de lidiar los toros…</i> 33 etched and aquatint plates. £15,000 to £20,000
    <b>Bonhams London: Fine Books, Atlases, Manuscripts and Photographs. June 14, 2017</b>
    <b>Bonhams Jun 14:</b> Magna Carta. Engraved Facsimile of the 1215 Magna Carta, engraved by John Pine and printed on vellum, 1733. £10,000 to £15,000
    <b>Bonhams Jun 14:</b> Swift (Jonathan). <i> Travels into Several Remote Nations of the World ... by Lemuel Gulliver</i>, 4 parts in 2 vol., first edition, Teerink's "A" edition, 1726. £10,000 to £15,000
    <b>Bonhams Jun 14:</b> Darwin (Charles), Robert Fitzroy and Philip Parker King. <i>Narrative of the Surveying Voyages of His Majesty's Ships Adventure and Beagle, Between the Years 1826 and 1836…</i>, 1839. £10,000 to £15,000
    <b>Bonhams London: Fine Books, Atlases, Manuscripts and Photographs. June 14, 2017</b>
    <b>Bonhams Jun 14:</b> Rackham (Arthur). Cinderella, in rags, standing at a window, within a framework of mice, mystical creatures and plants, from "Cinderella", [1919]. £8,000 to £12,000
    <b>Bonhams Jun 14:</b> Royal Family - St George's Chapel and Princess Charlotte. Papers of John Fisher, successively Bishop of Exeter and Bishop of Salisbury, overseer of the redecoration of St George's Chapel… £8,000 to £10,000
    <b>Bonhams Jun 14:</b> Hemingway (Ernest). <i>Fiesta [The Sun Also Rises]</i>, first English edition, Jonathan Cape, [September 1927]. £6,000 to £8,000
    <b>Bonhams London: Fine Books, Atlases, Manuscripts and Photographs. June 14, 2017</b>
    <b>Bonhams Jun 14:</b> Barlaeus (Caspar). <i> Rerum per octennium in Brasilia</i>, first edition, Amsterdam, Joannes Blaeu, 1647. £6,000 to £8,000
    <b>Bonhams Jun 14:</b> Repton (Humphry and J. Adey). <i>Fragments on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening…</i>, first edition, 1816. £5,000 to £7,000
    <b>Bonhams Jun 14:</b> United States - Photography. "360 Photos of American Scenery. Collected by Norman Selfe on the Spots Represented in 1884", [1880s]. £4,000 to £6,000
  • <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s:<br>De la musique avant toute chose… June 28, 2017</b>
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Roland de Lassus. [Songs and madrigals]. Album gathering three collections of secular music for tenor. 15.000-20.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Richard Wagner. <i>Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.</i> Original edition corrected and annotated by Wagner. 60.000-80.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Claude Debussy. <i>La Damoiselle élue</i>. Lyrical poem, after D.-G. Rossetti. Limited edition of 160 copies. 6.000-8.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s:<br>De la musique avant toute chose… June 28, 2017</b>
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Stéphane Mallarmé. Handwritten notebook made by Geneviève Mallarmé. No place or date [circa 1910]. 10.000-15.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Henri Sauguet. <i>Les Forains</i>. Ballet. Reduction for piano. Original edition. 20.000-30.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Athanasius Kircher. <i>Musurgia Universalis sive Ars Magna Consoni et Dissoni in X. Libros digesta.</i> 1650. 30.000-40.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s:<br>De la musique avant toute chose… June 28, 2017</b>
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> François Villon, & Clément Marot. <i>Les Œuvres de François Villon de Paris, Reviewed and gathered by Clement Marot.</i> 15.000-20.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Rainer Maria Rilke. <i>Larenopfer</i> (Offrande aux dieux Lares). The second collection of Rainer Maria Rilke, containing ninety poems. 6.000-8.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Paul Éluard. <i>Capitale de la douleur.</i> One of the most beautiful poetic collections from the first surrealist wave. 15.000-20.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Pierre de Ronsard. <i>Les Amours</i> ... newly augmented by him, and commented by Marc Antoine de Muret. 40.000-60.000 €
  • <b>Now in press: 19th Century Shop’s Catalog 170 Great Books and Photos. Please inquire for a copy.</b>
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> <i>The First American Magna Carta. English Liberties.</i> Boston, 1721.
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> Babbage presentation to Peel, the man who killed the Difference Engine 1832
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> The Stamp Act. 1765
    <b>Now in press: 19th Century Shop’s Catalog 170 Great Books and Photos. Please inquire for a copy.</b>
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> Central Park Photographs by Prevost 1862
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> Salem Witch Trials. Wonders of the Invisible World 1693
    <b>19th Century Shop.</b> Mammoth print of Millie-Christine, "The Carolina Twins" c. 1868

Autograph music manuscript, titled and signed in autograph 'Prelude [-- Fuga – Allegro] pour la Luth. ò Cembal. Par J.S. Bach', for the Prelude, Fugue and Allegro for lute or keyboard in E flat major, BWV 998

Lot Number 129
Author BACH, Johann Sebastian (1685-1750).
Title

Autograph music manuscript, titled and signed in autograph 'Prelude [-- Fuga – Allegro] pour la Luth. ò Cembal. Par J.S. Bach', for the Prelude, Fugue and Allegro for lute or keyboard in E flat major, BWV 998

Year Published c.1735-1740
Place Printed
Printed By
Description BACH, Johann Sebastian (1685-1750). Autograph music manuscript, titled and signed in autograph 'Prelude [-- Fuga – Allegro] pour la Luth. ò Cembal. Par J.S. Bach', for the Prelude, Fugue and Allegro for lute or keyboard in E flat major, BWV 998, n.d. [c.1735-1740].
Comments COMPLETE. In keyboard notation, the conclusion of the Allegro compressed in German tablature into the lower margins of pp.4 and 1, the second and third movements titled 'Fuga' and 'Allegro' in autograph, approx. 18 autograph corrections, marked 'Fin[e]' at the conclusion; the numbering 'nr. 22' inked over a pencil annotation at the head (perhaps a catalogue number of the collection of the Counts von Voss of Buch), a few additional musical notes in another hand at the foot of p.1, possibly intended to be read in inverse orientation and suggesting that Bach may have reused the paper; and a few light pencil markings, apparently by an editor. Four pages, folio (approx 345 x 213mm), on a bifolium (the two leaves now separated). The complete manuscript for one of Bach's 'finest solo instrumental works of the mid- to late-1730s' (Richard D.P. Jones. The Creative Development of Johann Sebastian Bach, vol. II: 1717-1750) An original instrumental composition, with movements in three of Bach's most characteristic forms: prelude, fugue and a dance movement. Offered for sale for the first time since 1969. One of only three complete autographs to come to the market in the last 30 years, and the first since 1996. Fewer than twenty Bach manuscripts of any kind, including fragments and partially autograph or amended orchestral parts, have been offered for public sale since 1970: all were scores or parts for church cantatas. According to our research, no manuscript of any kind for a secular or instrumental work has appeared at auction since the present manuscript in 1968. No more than ten of Bach's complete autograph manuscripts are thought to survive in private hands: the present manuscript is one of only three for instrumental compositions. Introduction to BWV 998 The autograph of the Prelude, Fugue and Allegro in E flat BWV 998 captures Bach in the moment of composition. The fluent, unhesitating calligraphy suggests his confident conception of the piece. That he was writing down the composition for the first time is shown by his various corrections and his difficulties fitting the piece onto the available paper. Normally Bach carefully planned the layout of his music manuscripts before he started writing; here he ran out of space for the final movement, and had to squeeze the last 19 bars onto the bottom of the fourth and first pages, using the concise notation of keyboard tablature. The manuscript indicates that the piece is 'pour la Luth ò Cembal'. Lutes were still regularly used in Bach's lifetime: a particularly valuable instrument, worth as much as a small harpsichord, was listed in the post-mortem inventory of his estate. He was acquainted with the leading lutenists of his day, notably Silvius Leopold Weiss (1686–1750). In August 1739 Bach was visited by Weiss and other Dresden musicians including W. F. Bach and Weiss's pupil Johann Kropfgans; Bach's secretary commented on the 'extra fine musical things' they enjoyed during this stay. The low tessitura of BWV 998 (never exceeding eb'') suits the lute, although a few chords in the second and third movements cannot be played on an eighteenth-century lute without modification. Alternatively the piece could have been played on the lute-harpsichord (Lautenwerk), a keyboard instrument with gut strings plucked by quills. Although no eighteenth-century examples of the Lautenwerk survive, two were listed in Bach's post-mortem inventory. His pupil Johann Friedrich Agricola remembered seeing and hearing a lute-harpsichord designed by Bach in Leipzig around 1740; he claimed that even professional lutenists could be fooled into thinking it sounded like their instrument. Perhaps Bach played a Lautenwerk in the encounter reported by Johann Friedrich Reichardt: 'Weiss, the great lute-player, challenged J. S. Bach, the great harpsichordist and organist, to improvise fantasies and play fugues.' (The anecdote was probably relayed to Reichardt by his father, a lutenist who had been taught by one of Weiss's pupils.) One can imagine the two men spurring each other to new heights of improvisation, Bach using the Lautenwerk to emulate the sound and broken-chord textures of Weiss's playing. Although the editors of the Neue-Bach-Ausgabe dated the autograph of BWV 998 to the mid-1740s, this dating was revised to c.1735 by Yoshitake Kobayashi on the basis of handwriting and paper type. A genesis in the second half of the 1730s would accord with the biographical reports of Bach's encounters with lutenists and the lute-harpsichord in the years around 1740. The style of the piece also shows similarities with some of Bach's solo instrumental works of those years, notably several of the preludes and fugues in book 2 of the Wohltemperirte Clavier (assembled 1738–42). This phase of Bach's compositional career was characterised by his dual interest in learned counterpoint and the melodic delicacies of the galant style. The Prelude, Fugue and Allegro show some galant fingerprints, for instance the sighing appoggiaturas in the Fugue. Indeed the lute with its nuanced dynamics was ideally suited for the subtle melodic expression of the galant. The Prelude creates the aura of an improvisation, opening with an unfurling melody suggestive of a lutenist or keyboardist testing the resonance of their instrument. This style brisé figuration is then transposed systematically to an array of related keys. The Fugue is based on an unassuming subject whose crotchets provide a foundation for the accelerating motion in the other parts. Bach structured this movement via the da capo principle, similar to his organ fugues BWV 537 and 548. The central section offers relief from contrapuntal working-out, with rapid finger-work over wisps of the subject in the bass line. The movement culminates with the return of the fugal exposition, dovetailed with the semiquavers of the preceding section. The Allegro is a passepied, combining the lightness of this dance with further semiquaver figuration. Throughout the three movements, Bach uses broken-chord patterns idiomatic to the lute, and the improvisatory air lends credence to the notion of him extemporising this piece on the Lautenwerk, perhaps in emulation of his friend Weiss. Stephen Rose © 2016 The manuscript f.1r ?In 8 systems: Prelude, bars 1-35; under the 8th system, bars 88-96 of the Allegro, in tablature f.1v? In 9 systems: Prelude, bars 36-48; Fugue, bars 1-32 f.2r ?In 9 systems: Fugue, bars 33-68 f.2v? In 9 systems: Fugue, bars 69-77; Allegro bars 1-77; bars 78-87 in tablature under the 9th system. The manuscript as recorded by Roitzsch (in his introduction to the Peters Oeuvres Complets, 214, no.1) and Doerffel in 1897 (BG 45, I, p.52) included an additional leaf with a transcription of the tablature in modern notation in the hand of C.P.E. Bach; this was noted as lacking by Kinsky in 1911 and has not been traced. Watermark: indistinct, but most likely G and a lion within a shield, with the initials 'SELB' and the arms of the Burggraf of Nuremberg: therefore paper from the Selb paper mill at the time of Johann Georg Jaeger (d.1749, managed the mill between 1709 and 1747). This watermark is only otherwise known in one other Bach manuscript: BB Mus. ms 1160, an incomplete transcription of G.B. Bassani's Acroama Missale in the hand of a pupil of Bach's, with autograph additions by Bach. Condition: The two leaves of the original bifolium have separated, though remnants survive of an early strengthening at the centre fold. The manuscript shows to a very limited degree the even browning and ink acidification characteristic of Bach's manuscripts (which is frequently considerably more pronounced than here); overall the paper is robust and the text clear. There are a few minor puncture holes and splits and limited damage along the outer margin of f.1, more pronounced at the lower corner. The paper shows traces of old restoration at the margins. Provenance 1. Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714-1788, second son of the composer): the former presence with the manuscript of a partial transcription in his hand suggests that it was likely part of his inheritance after his father's death in 1750; it is not however recorded in the 1790 register of his Nachlass, indicating that it may have been disposed of during his lifetime. 2. Breitkopf [subsequently Breitkopf & Härtel], Leipzig, music publishers: possibly one of the three lute works offered for sale by them in 1761 and again in 1836 (a sale at which the suite for lute, BWV 995, was certainly offered). Breitkopf acquired a number of manuscripts directly from Bach's children. 3. Collection of the Counts von Voss of Buch near Berlin (the numbering 'Nr.22' at the head of the manuscript matches numbering found on some other manuscripts of Bach's instrumental works from the Voss collection). The founders of the Voss collection, Carl von Voss (1755-1823), and his son, also Carl, certainly acquired Bach manuscripts from Breitkopf. The manuscript was evidently alienated before the gift of the Voss-Buch Bach collection to the Königliche Bibliothek in Berlin in 1851. 4. ?Peters-Verlag, Leipzig: Ferdinand August Roitzsch, the editor of the work for the Peters Oeuvres complets (1837-65, nr. 214.1) evidently had access to the original manuscript, and according to Kinsky in his catalogue of the Heyer collection (see below) the manuscript was in the firm's ownership at that time. 5. Alfred Henry Huth (1850-1910): recorded in his possession by Philipp Spitta in 1880; according to Sotheby's (1968 – see below) Huth had Sold to benefit a renowned musical institution.
References
Provenance
Estimated Price GBP 1,500,000.00 - 2,500,000.00
( USD 1,905,000.00 - 3,175,000.00 )
Actual Price GBP 2,518,500.00 ( USD 3,324,420.00 )

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AUCTION DETAILS

Auction House Christies
Website http://www.christies.com
Auction Name Valuable Books and Manuscripts
Sale Number #12139
Auction Date July 13, 2016 - July 13, 2016
Sale Name Valuable Books and Manuscripts
Total Lots 170
Description of Sale

Post Sale Description

Book Images
  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries: Inviting Quality Consignments</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 30:</b> Carte-de-visite album featuring a previously unrecorded image of Harriet Tubman, 1860s. Sold for $161,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Jun 7:</b> Hovhannes Amira Dadian, first world atlas in Armenian, Venice, 1849. Sold for $37,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries May 16:</b> T.E. Lawrence, <i>Seven Pillars of Wisdom</i>, privately printed edition, inscribed, London, 1926. Sold for $62,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries: Inviting Quality Consignments</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Feb 14:</b> 22 large-format photographs from NASA missions, 1965-84. Sold for $43,750.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 21: </b> Charles M. Schulz, <i>Here Comes the Big Polar Bear</i>, pen & ink, 4-panel Peanuts comic strip, 1957. Sold for $12,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries May 4:</b> Elliott Erwitt, photograph of JFK & Eisenhower, signed by both, 1960. Sold for $32,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries: Inviting Quality Consignments</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 9:</b> John Milton, <i>Paradise Lost</i>, first edition, London, 1668. Sold for $22,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 30:</b> Frederick Douglass, Autograph Letter Signed to George Alfred Townsend, Washington, 1880. Sold for $100,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Jan 26:</b> <i>Les Maîtres de l'Affiche</i>, 5 volumes, Paris, 1896-1900. Sold for $47,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries: Inviting Quality Consignments</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries May 16:</b> James Joyce, <i>Ulysses</i>, first edition, number 724 on handmade paper, Paris, 1922. Sold for $33,750.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 9:</b> Single leaf of the Gutenberg Bible, Mainz, 1455, in a copy of Newton's <i>A Noble Fragment</i>. Sold for $52,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27:</b> The Book of Mormon, first edition, Palmyra, NY, 1830. Sold for $52,500.
  • <b>Cowan’s Auctions: An Eclectic Collection: The Library of the Late Dr. Ivan Gilbert of Columbus.<br>June 5-26</b>
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Voyages and Travel] Churchill's Voyages 1732 - Complete in 6 Volumes.<br>$5,000 - $7,500.
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Illustrated] Alice by Salvador Dali, Signed and Limited. $3,000 - $5,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Literature] The Little Prince - Signed/Limited First French Edition, 1943; #61 of 260. $5,000 - $7,500
    <b>Cowan’s Auctions: An Eclectic Collection: The Library of the Late Dr. Ivan Gilbert of Columbus.<br>June 5-26</b>
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Literature] Gone With The Wind, 1st in DJ, May, 1936. $1,500 - $2,500
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Literature - Modern Firsts] Rare Henry Miller, Tropic of Cancer, Obelisk Press Paris - 1934. $2,000 - $3,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [[Sporting - Fishing] Rare - Lee Sturges, Salmon Fishing New Brunswick, 1 of 50 Printed - 7 Original Etchings.<br>$4,000 - $6,000
    <b>Cowan’s Auctions: An Eclectic Collection: The Library of the Late Dr. Ivan Gilbert of Columbus.<br>June 5-26</b>
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Voyages and Travel - Maritime] Rare Ledyard Account of Cook's Last Voyage, 1783 Hartford, Howes "d".<br>$10,000 - $15,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Illustrated - Maxfield Parrish] Knave of Hearts, Scribner's, 1st Hardback Edition, 1925 Parrish Illustrations.<br>$750 - $1,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Bible - Illustrated - Cartography) Massive Dutch Bible, 1682, Contemporary Colored Maps, Working Brass Clasps. $2,500 - $3,500
    <b>Cowan’s Auctions: An Eclectic Collection: The Library of the Late Dr. Ivan Gilbert of Columbus.<br>June 5-26</b>
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Women Suffrage - Civil Rights - Autographs] A Unique Extra-Illustrated Life of Susan B. Anthony. $15,000 - $20,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [18th Century French Manuscript] Unpublished History of Belle-Isle-En-Mer, 1754 With Watercolor Illustration.<br>$10,000 - $15,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Illustrated - Children's - Movable] Wonderful 19th Century Lothar Meggendorfer Moveable Book. $750 - $1,000