• <b>Sotheby’s London: English Literature, History, Children’s Books and Illustrations, including The Garrett Herman Collection: The Age of Darwin. July 11, 2017</b>
    <b>Sotheby’s, Jul 11:</b> Austen, Jane. Autograph letter, written in the third person, to her niece Anna Austen (later Lefroy), 1812. £80,000 to 100,000
    <b>Sotheby’s, Jul 11:</b> Smith, Adam. <i>An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations</i>. London: Printed for W. Strahan; And T. Cadell, 1776. £50,000 to 70,000
    <b>Sotheby’s, Jul 11:</b> Darwin, Charles. <i>On the Origin of Species By Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle for Life</i>. John Murray, 1859. £50,000 to 70,000
    <b>Sotheby’s London: English Literature, History, Children’s Books and Illustrations, including The Garrett Herman Collection: The Age of Darwin. July 11, 2017</b>
    <b>Sotheby’s, Jul 11:</b> Dickens, Charles. Autograph draft manuscript of "Mrs Gamp with the Strolling Players,” 1847. £40,000 to 60,000
    <b>Sotheby’s, Jul 11:</b> Shepard, E.H. Two drawings from <i>Winnie-The-Pooh</i> comprising “Why, what’s the matter?” and “He was taking the balloon out…” £40,000 to 60,000
    <b>Sotheby’s, Jul 11:</b> Blake, William. <i>Illustrations of the Book of Job. Invented and Engraved by William Blake. Published as the Act Directs...By William Blake, 8 March 1825</i> [1826]. £20,000 to 30,000
  • <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Newton. <i>Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica</i>. London, 1687.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Josephus. <i>De antiquitate Judaica.</i> Lubeck, 1475-76.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Carlerius. <i>Sporta fragmentorum, Sportula fragmentorum</i>. Brussels, 1478-79.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Fridolin. <i>Der Schatzbehalter</i>. Nuremberg, 1491.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Pinder. <i>Der beschlossen gart des rosenkrantz marie</i>. Nuremberg, 1505.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Isidorus Hispalensis. <i>Synonyma de Homine</i>. Nuremberg, 1470-71.
    <b>Bonhams, inviting consignments for Sep 27:</b> Durer. Sammelband including <i>Underweysung der messing</i>. Nuremberg, 1525-29.
  • <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July 8: Rare Books & Manuscripts</b>
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Walter Gibson's Complete Run of The Shadow. 48 bound volumes, 1931-44. $8,000-12,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Frederic Shoberl, The World in Miniature: Hindoostan. 6 volumes. $2,000-4,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> A Rare Copy of the Earliest Chicago Newspaper to Report on the Great Fire of 1871. $6,000-8,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July 8: Rare Books & Manuscripts</b>
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Broadside Proclamation by Mayor Roswell B. Mason for the Preservation of Good Order Following the Great Fire of 1871. Chicago. $4,000-6,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Peter Force Engraving of the Declaration of Independence. One page. Scarce and highly collectable. $15,000-20,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> John Quincy Adams. The Jubilee of the Constitution. A Discourse. First edition. Inscribed. 1839. $3,000-5,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July 8: Rare Books & Manuscripts</b>
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Cuban Revolution: Expedicion y Desembarco del “Granma.” Havana, ca. 1959. With portraits of the Castro brothers & Che Guevara. $150-250
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Osuna Ramos. A group of 28 photographs of the Mexican Revolution & aftermath in Mexico City, 1910-1920. 4½ x 6”. $400-600
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Charles Bukowski. Hot Water Music. First edition with original signed painting. 1983. $2,000-4,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions, July 8: Rare Books & Manuscripts</b>
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Alan Ginsberg. Five Page Autographed Letter. Signed. February 10, 1971. $3,000-5,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Andy Warhol’s Children’s Book. Featuring 12 color illustrations. Signed 5 times. 1983. $5,000-7,000
    <b>Potter & Potter Auctions July 8:</b><br> Albrecht Durer. The Martyrdom Saint John the Evangelist. Woodcut, 1511 edition. $1,000-2,000
  • <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s:<br>De la musique avant toute chose… June 28, 2017</b>
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Roland de Lassus. [Songs and madrigals]. Album gathering three collections of secular music for tenor. 15.000-20.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Richard Wagner. <i>Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg.</i> Original edition corrected and annotated by Wagner. 60.000-80.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Claude Debussy. <i>La Damoiselle élue</i>. Lyrical poem, after D.-G. Rossetti. Limited edition of 160 copies. 6.000-8.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s:<br>De la musique avant toute chose… June 28, 2017</b>
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Stéphane Mallarmé. Handwritten notebook made by Geneviève Mallarmé. No place or date [circa 1910]. 10.000-15.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Henri Sauguet. <i>Les Forains</i>. Ballet. Reduction for piano. Original edition. 20.000-30.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Athanasius Kircher. <i>Musurgia Universalis sive Ars Magna Consoni et Dissoni in X. Libros digesta.</i> 1650. 30.000-40.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s:<br>De la musique avant toute chose… June 28, 2017</b>
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> François Villon, & Clément Marot. <i>Les Œuvres de François Villon de Paris, Reviewed and gathered by Clement Marot.</i> 15.000-20.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Rainer Maria Rilke. <i>Larenopfer</i> (Offrande aux dieux Lares). The second collection of Rainer Maria Rilke, containing ninety poems. 6.000-8.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Paul Éluard. <i>Capitale de la douleur.</i> One of the most beautiful poetic collections from the first surrealist wave. 15.000-20.000 €
    <b>Pierre Bergé and Associés in association with Sotheby’s, Jun 28:</b> Pierre de Ronsard. <i>Les Amours</i> ... newly augmented by him, and commented by Marc Antoine de Muret. 40.000-60.000 €

Rare Book Monthly

Articles - January - 2017 Issue

The Annual Rare Book Hub Top 500 Prices Paid at Auction for Books and Works on Paper in 2016

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One small step for Tintin. Tintin went to the moon in 1953, and so did Hergé's prices in 2016.

Now that the new year has arrived, it's time to look back at the old. Once again, we have tallied the Rare Book Hub Top 500 highest prices paid at auction in the books and paper field for the past year – 2016. Each individual item is something of a curiosity, but taken as whole, these lists can tell us something about the market. Perhaps we should specify about the top end of the market, because most collectors will never purchase anything in this range. With this kind of money, they will purchase something more practical, like a house.

 

Nothing reached the $9 million level this year, as did last year's Babylonian Talmud. The $5 million range was tops this year, the lowest high price in years. However, 13 items exceeded the $1 million mark, compared to 11 in 2015. The minimum price needed to qualify for the Top 500 was also down this year, $72,800 vs. $74,200 last year.

 

We again find some of the notable names in history, literature, and science making multiple appearances on the list. It's reassuring to see some of these great people are still appreciated after all these years. We find Shakespeare on here 6 times, Darwin 8, Newton 7. Washington, with 7, edges out Lincoln, with 5. Last year's leader, John James Audubon, made 16 appearances, four more than last year. One might describe his items as "leaves," as they are leaves from a book, but in reality these are plates, illustrations taken from his magnificent first edition of the Birds of America. However, 16 was not enough to be the leader in 2016. It wasn't even close. That leads us to a notable trend in collecting that has developed over the past decade. Some will find it disappointing, even disturbing, while others will leave it to the market to decide.

 

This year's Top 500 is flooded with items relating to comic books. A decade ago, including them on a list with books and works on paper was an afterthought, only a few such items at most ever appeared. With a generation that grew up on comics now making it to the age and income bracket that allows it to collect at the highest level, action superheroes and other less extreme characters fill the upper atmosphere of collecting. Everyone knows Superman and Batman, and they are a regularly near the top, but today many of the comics take an aficionado of the art to recognize. And then there comes the man at the top of this list by a wide margin. Many, particularly in America, may not even know his name. With a stunning 26 items on this list is Belgian George Remi, better known by his nom de plume, Hergé. If this were a Top 510, he would have had 29. Hergé was the creator of Tintin, admittedly very popular in France, and yet this number seems ridiculous. Shakespeare has never come close to this kind of literary success.

 

Much of what appears from Hergé and other comic creators is original art. Perhaps such should not be included in this list. Maybe it now takes too much space, but the reason for their inclusion arises from the days when few books on this list were preceded by the word "comic." Manuscripts and typescripts by authors were always included, as were illustrations for books. Who wouldn't have included Arthur Rackham, E. E. Shepherd, or even Dr. Seuss book art on such a list? They didn't make it this year. Now it means Hergé or Frank Frazetta. Consistency rules. At the end of this article, we will review a bit more as to what qualifies, and does not qualify, for this list.

 

Many of the Hergé items on this year's list were original artwork for Christmas and New Years cards (carte neige) he drew in 1942. This was wartime in Belgium and survival meant not doing anything that upset the Nazi occupiers too much. He had to be rather bland. Astonishingly, these all still took in amounts well into five figures if not more. A few other items included on this list might also appear marginal, but the connection to books and manuscripts is unmistakable. Three sets of doodles and drawings by Ronald Reagan appear on the list. If a manuscript from President Lincoln or Washington qualifies, why not a manuscript from President Reagan? Or how about a Nobel Prize medal? Not a work on paper, but if it is the Nobel Prize for literature awarded André Gide in 1947, how can we leave it out? Or how about this one, the piece de résistance of this list? For a mere $394,000, some lucky soul got to keep the chair used by J. K. Rowling while she wrote the first two Harry Potter books. Take a seat and see if it inspires you.

 

Before we get to the Top 10, here are few other selections from the Top 500. A link to the full Top 500 follows.

 

477. President William Henry Harrison appoints a U.S. Attorney for Louisiana. Harrison is hardly our most important President, but anything signed by him as President is extremely rare as he died only 30 days after taking office. $74,938.

 

387. An autograph manuscript by Isaac Newton on abstaining from consuming blood. While one of the greatest physicists and mathematicians who ever lived, Newton also was very learned on theology, particularly later in life. He took his bible seriously and literally. $83,425.

 

360. Retained copy of an unsent John F. Kennedy letter circa October 1963 from the White House to old friend Mary Pinchot Meyer, inviting her to meet him in Washington, Cape Cod, or Boston. Allegedly a JFK lover, he writes, "You say that it is good for me not to get what I want. After all of these years—you should give me a more loving answer than that. Why don’t you just say yes." It was only a little over a month later that he was assassinated. She too was murdered the following year, a murder that has never been solved. $88,970.

 

273. A 1768 broadside letter from John Hancock rallies opposition to taxes "imposed upon the people, without their consent." King George wasn't listening. $112,500.

 

163. The manual for landing the Lunar Module on the moon used during the first lunar landing in 1969. $175,000.

 

153. An autograph poem handwritten by Anne Frank in 1942. $182,574.

 

63. Manuscript navigation log kept by Captain Theodore Van Kirk on the Enola Gay, which dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima. $372,500.

 

46. Books don't have to be old to be valuable. One of seven manuscript copies by J. K. Rowling of Beedle the Bard, from 2007. $468,312.

 

15. Action Comics #1, from 1938, introduced Superman to the world. A very good, but not the best copy. What do you want for $956,000?

 

And now, for the Top 10:

 

10. On a marché sur la Lune, the 26th and highest ranked Hergé item. Tintin reached the moon 16 years before Neil Armstrong. The boards are for this April 1, 1953, comic where Tintin and friends experience weightlessness and observe the earth in the sky (see image with this article). $1,646,511.

 

9. A Wycliffite New Testament in the later translation to Middle English from the first half of the 15th century, a manuscript bible, naturally. This copy was once owned by Antarctic explorer and author Apsley Cherry-Garrard. $1,692,500.

 

8. The "authorized edition" of the Emancipation Proclamation, signed by President Abraham Lincoln and Secretary of State William Seward in 1864. One of 27 known surviving copies of a print run of 48, printed to benefit the Sanitary Commission. Check your attic to see if you have one of the 21 missing copies. $2,170,000.

 

7. De libris revolutionum eruditissimi viri...Doctoris Nicolai Copernici… Narratio prima, by Georg Joachim Rheticus, published in 1540. Rheticus is not a household name, but this was the first printed account of Copernicus' heliocentric theory of the universe – the earth revolves around the sun, not the other way around. Rheticus was a disciple of Copernicus, who permitted him to publish the latter's manuscript. $2,400,420.

 

6. An extremely rare manuscript copy of the Thirteenth Amendment to the U. S. Constitution, published in 1865. It outlawed slavery. At the time it was still a resolution, adoption still almost a year away. This is the second item in the Top 10 whose value is determined by both its historic importance and the fact that it was signed by Abraham Lincoln. $2,410,000.

 

5. Hortus Eystettensis, by Basilius Besler, published in 1613. This is an extra-illustrated, contemporarily hand-colored copy of what was described as "the most celebrated florilegium ever published." For the record, a "florilegium," literally a gathering of flowers, refers to a collection of literary extracts. This spectacularly illustrated florilegium is a botanical work, sixteen years in the making. $2,548,260.

 

4. Comedies, Histories, and Tragedies, by William Shakespeare, published in 1623. This is, of course, what is better known as a First Folio. Published just seven years after the author's death, his friends gathered 18 of his plays, almost half of which would have been lost forever were they not preserved in this book. $2,755,515.

 

3. Prelude [-- Fuga – Allegro] pour la Luth. ò Cembal, an autograph music manuscript by Johann Sebastian Bach, circa 1735-1740. This is a complete manuscript of one of Bach's works. $3,324,420.

 

2. Philosophiae naturalis principia mathematica, by Isaac Newton, the first edition, published in 1687. This one vies for the right to be called the most important scientific work ever published. Newton describes his laws of motion, gravity, etc. Copernicus and Galileo described what was happening in the universe; Newton explained why. $3,719,500.

 

1. The autograph manuscript for the Second Symphony (the Resurrection), the complete work (83 pages), by Gustav Mahler, completed in and dated 1894. This was described as "the greatest autograph music manuscript to be offered at auction for nearly thirty years." $5,682,812.

 

For a complete list of the Rare Book Hub Top 500 of 2016, click here.

 

 

 

Note on what appears on this list: first, when compiling a list of 500 items from close to 200 auction houses, it is possible that something was missed, or results were posted too late for inclusion. If so, it won't be many. Now, for the thornier issue – what qualifies for this list? The question is not as easy as it sounds.

 

Naturally, books and manuscripts of all sorts qualify. Pamphlets, broadsides, posters, and other printed and manuscript matter qualify. To this we add original artwork prepared specifically for a book. As noted earlier, comic books are included as "books." While comic books and even baseball cards appear on this list, we do not follow the specific comic and sports memorabilia online auctions, so these categories may be incomplete. They appear where included in more traditional auctions.

 

The hardest categories to evaluate are prints and photographs. Prints are works on paper, and we include many. However, if we included all prints, Warhol and Picasso would dominate this list year after year. The amount of money spent on their prints, let alone original art, is astronomical. However, this site is focused more on books and information than on art, which generates prices such as to make a First Folio look cheap. Such is the way it is. So we attempt to limit prints to those of a historic nature, or those designed more to convey information than beauty. The parameters for photographs are similar. Photographs as art also generate spectacular prices, but this site is not really about art. Therefore, we limit photographs to those of a historical nature, either depicting events rather than beauty, or those which are historic because they come from the first years of photography.  

Rare Book Monthly

  • <b>Swann Auction Galleries: Inviting Quality Consignments</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 30:</b> Carte-de-visite album featuring a previously unrecorded image of Harriet Tubman, 1860s. Sold for $161,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Jun 7:</b> Hovhannes Amira Dadian, first world atlas in Armenian, Venice, 1849. Sold for $37,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries May 16:</b> T.E. Lawrence, <i>Seven Pillars of Wisdom</i>, privately printed edition, inscribed, London, 1926. Sold for $62,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries: Inviting Quality Consignments</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Feb 14:</b> 22 large-format photographs from NASA missions, 1965-84. Sold for $43,750.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 21: </b> Charles M. Schulz, <i>Here Comes the Big Polar Bear</i>, pen & ink, 4-panel Peanuts comic strip, 1957. Sold for $12,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries May 4:</b> Elliott Erwitt, photograph of JFK & Eisenhower, signed by both, 1960. Sold for $32,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries: Inviting Quality Consignments</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 9:</b> John Milton, <i>Paradise Lost</i>, first edition, London, 1668. Sold for $22,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Mar 30:</b> Frederick Douglass, Autograph Letter Signed to George Alfred Townsend, Washington, 1880. Sold for $100,000.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Jan 26:</b> <i>Les Maîtres de l'Affiche</i>, 5 volumes, Paris, 1896-1900. Sold for $47,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries: Inviting Quality Consignments</b>
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries May 16:</b> James Joyce, <i>Ulysses</i>, first edition, number 724 on handmade paper, Paris, 1922. Sold for $33,750.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries, Mar 9:</b> Single leaf of the Gutenberg Bible, Mainz, 1455, in a copy of Newton's <i>A Noble Fragment</i>. Sold for $52,500.
    <b>Swann Auction Galleries Apr 27:</b> The Book of Mormon, first edition, Palmyra, NY, 1830. Sold for $52,500.
  • <b>Cowan’s Auctions: An Eclectic Collection: The Library of the Late Dr. Ivan Gilbert of Columbus.<br>June 5-26</b>
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Voyages and Travel] Churchill's Voyages 1732 - Complete in 6 Volumes.<br>$5,000 - $7,500.
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Illustrated] Alice by Salvador Dali, Signed and Limited. $3,000 - $5,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Literature] The Little Prince - Signed/Limited First French Edition, 1943; #61 of 260. $5,000 - $7,500
    <b>Cowan’s Auctions: An Eclectic Collection: The Library of the Late Dr. Ivan Gilbert of Columbus.<br>June 5-26</b>
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Literature] Gone With The Wind, 1st in DJ, May, 1936. $1,500 - $2,500
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Literature - Modern Firsts] Rare Henry Miller, Tropic of Cancer, Obelisk Press Paris - 1934. $2,000 - $3,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [[Sporting - Fishing] Rare - Lee Sturges, Salmon Fishing New Brunswick, 1 of 50 Printed - 7 Original Etchings.<br>$4,000 - $6,000
    <b>Cowan’s Auctions: An Eclectic Collection: The Library of the Late Dr. Ivan Gilbert of Columbus.<br>June 5-26</b>
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Voyages and Travel - Maritime] Rare Ledyard Account of Cook's Last Voyage, 1783 Hartford, Howes "d".<br>$10,000 - $15,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Illustrated - Maxfield Parrish] Knave of Hearts, Scribner's, 1st Hardback Edition, 1925 Parrish Illustrations.<br>$750 - $1,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Bible - Illustrated - Cartography) Massive Dutch Bible, 1682, Contemporary Colored Maps, Working Brass Clasps. $2,500 - $3,500
    <b>Cowan’s Auctions: An Eclectic Collection: The Library of the Late Dr. Ivan Gilbert of Columbus.<br>June 5-26</b>
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Women Suffrage - Civil Rights - Autographs] A Unique Extra-Illustrated Life of Susan B. Anthony. $15,000 - $20,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [18th Century French Manuscript] Unpublished History of Belle-Isle-En-Mer, 1754 With Watercolor Illustration.<br>$10,000 - $15,000
    <b>Cowan’s, June 5-26:</b> [Illustrated - Children's - Movable] Wonderful 19th Century Lothar Meggendorfer Moveable Book. $750 - $1,000
  • <b>Forum Auctions: Online Sale of Cricket Books and Works on Paper. Now through July 5, 2017</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions, now thru Jul 5:</b> Wisden (John). <i>Cricketers' Almanack for 1896</i>, original cloth, 1896. £15,000 to 20,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, now thru Jul 5:</b> Wisden (John). <i>The Cricketers' Almanack for the year 1869</i>, excellent copy of the scarce sixth edition, 1869. £10,000 to 15,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, now thru Jul 5:</b> Wisden (John). <i>Cricketers' Almanack for 1916</i>, with tribute to W.G. Grace by Lord Harris, original cloth, 1916. £5,000 to 6,000
    <b>Forum Auctions: Online Sale of Cricket Books and Works on Paper. Now through July 5, 2017</b>
    <b>Forum Auctions, now thru Jul 5:</b> Lillywhite (Frederick) and Arthur Haygarth. <i>Cricket Scores and Biographies of Celebrated Cricketers</i>, vol. 1 - 16 [a complete run], 1862-2003. £750 to 1,000
    <b>Forum Auctions, now thru Jul 5:</b> Trumper (Victor). Postcard of Victor Trumper, signed by Trumper on image, 1905. £300 to 400
    <b>Forum Auctions, now thru Jul 5:</b> Crombie (Charles). <i>Laws of Cricket</i>, 1907; and 29 others. £150 to 200
  • <b>19th Century Shop’s Catalog 170 Great Books and Photos. Please inquire for a copy.</b>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Exodus 10:10 to 16:15. Complete Biblical scroll sheet in Hebrew, a Torah scroll panel. Middle East, ca. 10th or 11th century.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Copernicus Refuted. (Astronomy.). Scientific manuscript of a course of studies at Collège de la Trinité, Lyon. 1660s.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Israel’s War of Independence and the Early Days of the IDF. 58 photographs presented to Israel Ber, IDF officer and later convicted spy.
    <b>19th Century Shop’s Catalog 170 Great Books and Photos. Please inquire for a copy.</b>
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Early Unpublished Darwin letter on the races of man. Autograph Letter Signed [to Henry Denny]. Down, Kent, June 1, [1844].
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> Classic Image of American Slavery. Kimball, M. H. <i>Emancipated Slaves</i>. New York: George Hanks, 1863.
    <b>19th Century Shop:</b> (Underground Railroad.) Scaggs, Isaac. Important Runaway Slave Poster: $500 Reward Ran away, or decoyed from the subscriber…

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